‘Culture of violence’: The Thai military’s downside with abuse


Bangkok, Thailand – Just hours after Yutthana Saisa was detained in northeastern Thailand final month, the 33-year-old was lifeless.

Picked up together with his youthful brother on suspicion of drug crimes, seven troopers took the 2 males to a small Buddhist temple close by for questioning.


Reports say the seven males allegedly subjected him to a violent interrogation in an try to power a confession, inflicting wounds that might kill him.

“This case shows the use of extreme violence, including abduction,” says Pornpen Khongkachonkiet, the director of Cross Cultural Foundation, an organisation engaged on justice and human rights monitoring in Thailand.  

Thailand’s navy has lengthy confronted allegations of abuse, together with its therapy of younger recruits who’re conscripted into the armed forces in a yearly draw. It has lengthy denied the fees, however Yutthana’s brutal dying has reignited questions over whether or not the navy has a systemic downside with abuse.

Pornpen has been researching navy abuse for many years. She says the navy has ramped up anti-drug operations because the coup in 2014, a move she thinks is harmful as a result of it raises additional the danger of extreme use of power.

“It’s not only a culture of violence, but a culture of impunity,” she mentioned.

The Thai navy didn’t reply to a number of requests for remark, however a police investigation has been launched to find out what occurred to Yutthana and 7 troopers suspected of involvement face a navy probe. 

Thailand conscription

Young males are drafted into the navy in an annual lottery [File: Athit Perawongmetha/Reuters]

Local media experiences say the navy additionally gave Yutthana’s father compensation of 10,000 Thai baht ($313) and paid for his son’s funeral, whereas the troopers suspected of taking part in a task in Yutthana’s dying have been ordered to ask for the household’s forgiveness. 

Toxic coaching

Analysts say the violence originates contained in the navy’s personal poisonous coaching programmes the place officers routinely prey on lower-ranking cadets to exhibit their energy, creating an environment that permits abusive behaviour.

Chatri, a 27-year-old pupil who most well-liked to make use of a pseudonym for fear of reprisals, recalled an awesome sense of tension as quickly as he walked into the military barracks that might quickly develop into his home.

Only just a few weeks earlier than, he had been wanting ahead to persevering with his training with the purpose of turning into a social employee. But Chatri’s life modified when he was pressured to enlist after he was drawn within the lottery for Thailand’s navy draft

“When I went into the military, I knew I’d have to be quiet,” he instructed Al Jazeera. “My life was taken away.”

Chatri is an brazenly homosexual man.

“When people see me, they can recognise that I’m gay. So I decided not to hide myself.”

But that call had penalties, he defined.

The second he realised he could be a goal was when three non-commissioned officers instructed him to strip bare in entrance of them on the primary day of coaching. The abuse that adopted was so dangerous that over the following few months he thought of suicide as a option to escape the torment.

Although conscripts usually recount tales of bodily violence and torture, Chatri was by no means crushed. Instead, he was abused sexually by seniors and non-commissioned officers.

Amnesty International additionally lately uncovered abuse contained in the navy. Their new report, ‘We Were Just Toys to Them,’ discovered that navy conscripts confronted harassment, beatings and sexual abuse. Researchers discovered “a barrage of physical violence, humiliation and sexual abuse that often amounts to torture,” going down inside navy coaching programmes.

Thailand coup

The navy has lengthy performed a distinguished function in Thai life, with the armed forces launching quite a few coups [Stringer/AP Photo]

For Chatri, the report introduced again vivid reminiscences.

Officers would contact him inappropriately and “approach me whenever they wanted,” Chatri mentioned. “They would normalise it.”

On one notably harrowing evening, he was abused by 5 trainers. On one other event, he was pressured to strip bare. 

“I remember thinking at that moment: ‘Why is this happening to me?’ I could not have imagined that my life would be like that,” he mentioned. “I was so afraid. But If I didn’t do it, then it could be worse.”

After three months in coaching, Chatri known as his sister and requested her to make use of their household connections to get him out of the coaching programme as quickly as doable. He was fortunate, he mentioned. Most of the opposite younger males didn’t have that choice.

Calls for investigation

Human Rights Watch has lengthy monitored the navy’s tradition of abuse and is now calling on authorities to research Yutthana’s dying. The rights group says the Thai authorities ought to stop additional navy abuses by revoking broad powers that permit navy personnel to arrest, detain, and interrogate suspected drug customers and sellers.

“Thailand has a long record of violent war on drugs, most notably during the Thaksin government where more than 2,800 people were killed,” mentioned Sunai Phasuk, Thailand researcher at Human Rights Watch. “Now PM Prayuth (Chan-ocha) is following those bloody footsteps.”

Thaksin was infamous for a ruthless anti-drug marketing campaign that allegedly resulted in 1000’s of state-sanctioned killings in 2003. Researchers say lots of those that died have been civilians and never concerned within the drug commerce.

Sunai added that Thailand’s anti-drug legal guidelines are getting used as a software for the navy to make use of abusive ways when conducting raids. He mentioned experiences of extrajudicial killing, torture, and arbitrary arrests have been “piling up” throughout the nation and had been “going on without accountability.” He pointed to a 2017 case the place a teenage activist was shot and killed by troopers for alleged drug possession and safety footage went lacking, as one instance.

In current instances, as with Yutthana, the navy has provided monetary compensation to the victims or their households in alternate for his or her settlement to not pursue felony prosecution. Even when households do resolve to pursue justice, police investigations are both hampered, shoddy, or coated up completely, Sunai mentioned.

And all these incidents proceed to happen even though Thailand is a celebration to the United Nations Convention towards Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.

After reflecting on the abuse, Chatri nonetheless feels just like the scenario might have been worse.

“It was bad, but my training unit is still better than others because no one died,” he mentioned.

It isn’t unusual for navy cadets to be discovered lifeless beneath mysterious circumstances as a result of corporal punishment and harmful hazing rituals are commonplace in cadet faculty, say human rights watchdogs. Although it’s troublesome to find out the precise variety of deaths in any given yr, analysts say a number of instances happen yearly based mostly on native media experiences and household complaints.  

And though Chatri has now left the armed forces, he fears for the opposite younger males now taking his place.

“We need to end this kind of culture,” he mentioned, his voice thick with emotion. “We need to stop giving them so much power.”