Abai and #Kazakhstan within the 21st Century


This yr marks the 175th anniversary of the start of Abai Kunanbaiuly. To mark the anniversary of the good son of our folks, a particular fee has been created. It is deliberate to organise large-scale occasions each domestically and internationally. But all this shouldn’t be a celebration, however fairly a non secular enlightenment – writes Kassym-Jomart Tokayev,  President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Of course, Abai Kunanbaiuly left an indelible mark on the historical past of our nation as a scientist, thinker, poet, enlightener, founder of recent nationwide literature, translator and composer. His poems and prose mirrored nationwide identification, life, worldview, character, soul, religion, language, traditions and the spirit of the folks, which have been later rated as a novel phenomenon, known as the world of Abai.

Last yr, the baton of studying excerpts from the works of Abai was handed. I took half and supported this initiative, proposed by a schoolgirl named Lailim. This initiative, during which many actively participated, from schoolchildren to adults, together with world-famous people, lasted a number of months.

Thanks to this, the entire of Kazakhstan once more studied the heritage of Abai. This is respect for Abai and an efficient approach of elevating kids. I hope that the problem of studying Abai’s poems this yr in honour of the poet’s anniversary can be revitalised in a brand new approach.

First President – Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev in his article “Course towards the future: modernisation of Kazakhstan’s identity” emphasised the significance of renewing public consciousness. The preservation of nationwide identification and its adaptation to trendy necessities has turn out to be a nationwide subject. Because the modernisation of identification paves the way in which for the breakthrough improvement of the nation within the 21st century.

In this regard, I imagine that the legacy of Abai may be very helpful. The works of the good poet are related at present. Abai’s concepts can at all times be non secular meals for all of us.

Therefore, it’s essential to rethink the rationale and rational use of his labour within the modernisation of the nation.

In this text, I wish to share with the general public the relevance of Abai’s phrase for our day and the teachings discovered from the works of the poet by our folks.

An instance of nationwide identification

Revival just isn’t a departure from the previous and the invention of solely new values.

In truth, it is a phenomenon that seeks to develop our nationwide heritage in tandem with at present’s constructive traits. At the identical time, we can’t move previous Abai. The nice thinker greater than a century in the past known as on the nation to be modernised, develop, turn out to be new.

The First President – Elbasy mentioned: “Despite the altering time and altering world, our individuals are not disenchanted with Abai, over time, they uncover for themselves the brand new facets and secrets and techniques of his greatness.

Abai will ceaselessly coexist along with his native folks, invoking the folks of Kazakhstan for hundreds of years to reach new heights”, which clearly signifies that the poet’s legacy is valued as an everlasting will.

Looking on the works of Abai, we see that he at all times sincerely needed the nation to be promoted and prosper, and he totally magnified this concept. And science and schooling are the premise of progress. Abai, with all his soul and physique, wished that the Kazakhs continued to study and develop.

He mentioned, “Do not boast until you master science,” thus he is not going to be at his greatest till he possesses information. He mentioned: We don’t need to purchase science for livestock, emphasizing that for the prosperity of the nation it’s essential to grasp science. We want to grasp the instructive instructing of the Great Abai: Do not take into consideration revenue, take into consideration conscience, attempt to know extra.

These findings are related at present. More necessary than ever. This is as a result of within the XXI century we see that the aim of science is to attempt for the highest, to move ahead.

And our job just isn’t solely to maintain up with progress, but additionally to take the initiative.

To do that, we want, initially, to modernise the schooling system. Loads of work has been finished for these functions, however there are nonetheless gaps in home schooling. Ways to enhance it are highlighted within the election programme and on the August convention final yr.

The adoption of the Law On the standing of a instructor is without doubt one of the constructive initiatives on this path. This is a step in direction of enhancing the standard of schooling. In basic, in any society, the place of a instructor is particular. Teachers play a key function in elevating a consciously conscious era. We should respect and honour academics. Therefore, the state ought to enhance the standing of the instructing career and create situations for its carefree functioning.

Abai particularly emphasised that one of many good deeds is the examine of language. The poet in his twenty-fifth speech additional says {that a} completely different language will give an individual the next: Having studied the language and tradition of different peoples, an individual turns into equal amongst them, just isn’t humiliated by nugatory requests.

That means it’s also necessary for us to be on a par with people who find themselves forward of us.

And within the new present historic context, all of us want to concentrate to the event and glorification of our native language and lift its standing. In addition, studying English is a precedence. The extra languages younger folks study, the broader their alternatives. However, they need to know their native language. The younger era, as Abai mentioned, will profit our folks provided that they’re fully aware of science, respect their language and actually are a polyglot.

The world doesn’t change day by day, however each hour. In every space, new challenges and new necessities seem. News in science is pushing man ahead. The time has come when you possibly can defeat solely with mind. To sustain with the occasions, we have to have a transparent thoughts. This step requires the power to mix the very best facets of civilisation with nationwide pursuits. At such a time, we should abandon our stereotypes and habits.

For this cause, Abai was dissatisfied with a number of the actions and at all times criticised they don’t search deep thought, deep scientific information, mendacity and gossip whipping like wool.

The poet urged folks to grasp several types of artwork. He clearly knew that every one this was a matter of time, and spoke in advance about this with the nation. Even the thought of forming an mental nation, which we’re speaking about at present, will be thought of as being initiated by Abai. The nice thinker sought in each phrase to develop a nation.

Therefore, it can be crucial for us to pay particular consideration to the deep examine of Abai. To know Abai is to know oneself. Self-knowledge and steady self-development of an individual, giving precedence to science and schooling – are an expression of perfection. This is the mental nation. In this regard, Abai’s phrase ought to turn out to be the guiding drive of the era.

Abai known as for elevating each Kazakh little one as a patriot of the nation. His legacy is the college of clever patriotism, the muse of reverence for the nation. Therefore, if we would like our residents to be educated, we should always not get bored with studying Abai and memorising his poems.

We have to study to like the nation and the nation, as Abai. Although the good poet sharply criticised the issues of the nation, he had just one thought – to boost Kazakhs, his folks.

The wealthy heritage of Abai serves the formation of a brand new high quality of the Kazakh nation. Reflections in his works instill in each particular person a way of patriotism in relation to his folks, nation and land. That is why the absorption of the fruits of labour into consciousness and the transformation into the life drive of the younger era is without doubt one of the necessary steps within the revival of the nation.

State pursuits

We have to strengthen our statehood as a way to prosper as a sovereign state.

It needs to be understood that the upkeep of regulation and order and public order is a common accountability. If the folks shouldn’t have respect for the authorities, it is going to result in criticism of the nation. Therefore, the significance of respect for the state must be defined to the residents, and particularly the youth. In this case, it’s mandatory to concentrate once more to the heritage of Abai.

The nice poet in his works exalted nation objectives and nationwide unity.

He got here up with the thought of making a simply society. The views of Abai are of paramount significance for the society and welfare of Kazakhstan within the 21st century. The positions of the clever Abai are in line with the ideas of a civilised state. Justice can be firmly entrenched provided that the rule of regulation, authorities transparency and accountability to the individuals are at a excessive degree, and civil society representatives are actively concerned in state affairs.

My idea of “A State that Listens to the Voice of the People” was proposed for the event of the thought of a simply society. A constructive dialogue between the state and society strengthens belief within the state. Members of the federal government, together with ministers and rulers, ought to bear in mind the proposals and desires of residents when making choices on problems with state and social significance. I believe that that is the one situation for the formation of a simply society, about which Abai spoke.

The nice poet didn’t say in useless: Important recommendation is misplaced, the nation started to whisper. It additionally signifies that individuals are dissatisfied with the ruler.

The authorities ought to at all times hearken to the folks, in order that our contemporaries, who “have no other business but whispering, are not skilled in the household” don’t develop. Representatives of the state and the general public created the National Council of Public Trust to debate and resolve problematic points. I labored carefully with its members to make sure that the council didn’t turn out to be official.

The work of Abai additionally emphasizes the issue of meritocracy. He appreciated an individual based mostly on his deserves, and never on his standing. The nice poet gave the best path to Kazakh youth.

Currently, Kazakhstan is present process a strategy of political modernisation. With the help of the First President – Elbasy, a brand new era of leaders has appeared. However, there are sometimes reviews that our nation wants radical political adjustments. But it is very important come to a nationwide settlement on this subject, to actually assess the state’s capabilities and to responsibly approach the assigned tasks.

Those who take into consideration change don’t care about the way forward for the nation, they merely give attention to populist concepts.

Populism has turn out to be world in nature as a damaging pattern. The voices of teams that shouldn’t have a transparent technique and search energy with empty slogans are sometimes heard everywhere in the world. Speaking of such noisy folks, Abai says: They are poisoning idle speak, they may depart us within the chilly sometime. In truth, it is a harmful pattern that undermines the event of any nation and weakens the individuality of the nation.

As Abai mentioned, extreme boasting, counting others beneath oneself and rivalry are fully unsuitable for us. We have to take each step clearly, and completely analyse what is going on on the planet and in our nation. It is necessary to place peace and unity above all – that’s the key to our stability and improvement. You ought to take into consideration the pursuits of the state, whereas sustaining the connection, to understand the work finished.

Only pursuing such a coverage will we give you the chance to achieve all our strategic objectives and make Kazakhstan one of the developed international locations.

Compassionate to the brand new society

Obviously, the core of the brand new Kazakhstan is the brand new society. At the identical time, we should give attention to enhancing the dignity of our nation and enhancing the competitiveness of our folks. It can be essential to do away with the damaging traits that impede the event of society and violate our unity.

Today, numerous intellectuals all over the world warn in opposition to the disaster of classical capitalism and are skeptical of its future.

Because on the planet, wealthy and poor, educated and uneducated, town and the village have turn out to be removed from one another. The tempo of this course of is rising steadily. Business offers revenue, educated fashioned a separate circle, and every started to bear accountability just for themselves.

Cities are rising quickly, and small villages are underdeveloped.

Scientists imagine that that is all related to a weakening of social accountability.

Will social accountability return? Of course, this isn’t a simple job. The resolution to this complicated downside needs to be sought in Abai’s “Holistic man” system. The phrase holistic man corresponds to the English time period A person of integrity. This is attribute solely for many who are very assured in themselves, striving for good and kindness. This idea, which is now widespread, was interpreted by Abai within the 19th century.

Human life as a complete consists of assorted relationships. Without this, an individual can be separated from society. And communication, after all, is mutually accountable. This accountability is violated when selfishness intervenes. That is why Abai mentioned: “Keep your mind, strength, heart on an equal footing, and you will be filled separately from the country”, which means that an individual wants an excellent coronary heart, in addition to a transparent thoughts and willpower.

He considers these three ideas continually in unity, however believes that the primary two needs to be subordinate. This is the philosophy of lifetime of the Kazakh folks.

Our folks, who lived with such ideas in a troublesome scenario, have been pleasant to different nations. Even if he had nothing to eat, they thought of it an obligation to share a chunk of bread. There was at all times respect for the elders, respect for the youthful, assist was supplied to the disabled and help to the fallen. Glorifying and transmitting these values, our folks have finished all the things attainable to protect them as a nation.

We have to rethink Abai’s idea of a “holistic man.” Our scientists have to conduct new analysis on this path. I imagine that the idea of a “holistic man”, in reality, ought to turn out to be a basic pillar in any space of our lives, in authorities and schooling, in enterprise and household establishments.

One of the themes that has turn out to be the muse of Abai’s creativity is the combat in opposition to laziness and idleness. The poet continually urges to be attentive, delicate and never be distracted by negligence and leisure. He most well-liked to hone it by way of labour. It additionally delves into the psychological facets of coping with laziness, proving that rational actions can overcome anxiousness. The emotional intelligence, which we’re speaking loads about, can be in focus. He promoted to do away with the psychology of boasting and laziness, to work onerous, to hunt information.

We are all nicely conscious of the ideas within the verses of Abai: “If you work tirelessly, you will be full”, “Satiety, Idleness, spoil a person”, “Believe in yourself, your work and mind will save you.” Each particular person should firmly consolidate these key ideas and set an instance for others with their trustworthy work.

Our folks perceive the worth of labour. We haven’t forgotten that the onerous work of our dad and mom grew to become an enormous drive that led to victory. Now, too, there are sufficient exemplary circumstances of straightforward hardworking folks. Recently, a few of them have been introduced with state awards.

And most significantly, in peacetime as at present, each citizen needs to be conscious that his productive work straight impacts the event of the nation’s economic system.

Abai will be thought of the premise of effectivity, the motivator of the industriousness of his time. In the works of the good thinker, an instance is given of the place there may be labour, there may be good, abilities of instructing the family. He calls for brand new methods of working to enhance the standard of life. Along with this, the poet emphasizes initiative, honesty within the career. For instance, within the tenth phrase he concludes: “Who will not become rich if he works hard, works diligently, finds his place?”

According to Abai, as a way to earn a living, it is advisable to study craft. Because “Wealth eventually fades away, but skill doesn’t” (thirty-third phrase). I believe that the concepts of the good poet are related at present for the society of Kazakhstan. That is why at present we word that eliminating the psychology of dependence on uncooked supplies and the utmost prosperity of small and medium-sized companies are one of many fundamental priorities.

Face of the worldwide tradition

Almost each trendy civilized state can boast of its wealthy historic personalities. Among them are politicians, statesmen and public figures, leaders, poets and writers, figures of artwork and tradition. The Kazakh folks even have loads of excellent personalities, and amongst them Abai has a particular place. We are nonetheless unable to introduce our nice thinker to the world.

Over the years of my diplomatic service, I typically met with politicians and consultants in numerous fields. I exchanged views with foreigners on many points widespread to mankind. In basic, they’re nicely conscious of the political and financial achievements of Kazakhstan. But not sufficient with our non secular and cultural values. The query arises: “Why don’t we reveal the Kazakh culture through Abai?”

The scientist Abai is a genius of the Kazakh land of a world degree. He sowed the seed of thoughts and knowledge to all mankind.

Our researchers, who’ve in depth studied the poetic energy of Abai, say that he acquired inexhaustible materials from Kazakh folklore, Eastern and Western phrase artwork, Russian literature and historic works.

The nice considering of Abai can be clearly mirrored in his non secular style and understanding. “Allah is the truth, the word is the truth, truth is never false,” he mentioned. It is obvious that he got here to this conclusion, having deeply studied, comprehended the works of the philosophers of East and West. In the thirty-eighth phrase, he expresses his angle in direction of God.

Religious philosophers, who appreciated Abai’s non secular horizons, pay particular consideration to his idea of “a faithful Muslim.” The idea of a “faithful Muslim” most likely involved not solely the Kazakhs, however your complete Muslim world. Here is our thinker and sage Abai, who continues to develop on the world degree because of this non secular viewpoint.

As you recognize, we maintain conventional conferences of all religions in our capital. There is a stability between the aim of such occasions and the place of the good Abai.

We all take into consideration the poet’s need to protect the purity of the soul of all mankind.

As you recognize, the picture of Abai was extremely appreciated as a creative picture in world literature because of the novel by Mukhtar Auezov “The Way of Abai”. But that is solely one of many facets of realizing Abai. To know the actual Abai, the poet Abai, it’s essential to reveal the which means of the concepts expressed in his poems and prose. It needs to be translated into the primary languages of the world, preserving all its colors. It is tough to say that we succeeded. Translation of the true nationwide poets into different languages just isn’t a simple job. A translator should even have the expertise of the identical thinker. Our “Abaeologists”, linguists and sympathetic residents of Abai ought to pay particular consideration to this.

First President – Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev mentioned: “Abai just isn’t solely an excellent one that made a useful contribution to the non secular treasury of the Kazakh folks, but additionally a clever one that labored onerous to make the Kazakh folks a nation.

Abai is a superb determine amongst world-class thinkers. Indeed, the works of a clever poet can enrich the non secular lifetime of not solely Kazakhs, however the entire of humanity, as a result of the content material of Abai’s works is stuffed with common values. His phrases of edification are the widespread property of the peoples of the world. This is a set of classical concepts, instructive phrases, sayings, edifications – though the names are completely different, it is a particular style.

In his phrases of edification, Abai demonstrates that he has flourished and reached non secular heights, praising the heritage of mankind. The basis of his phrases of edification is humanity, tradition and kindness. The letters of the French thinker Montaigne come to thoughts once we search for options to the phrases of the clever Abai. However, if Montaigne thinks extra about his character and human nature, the primary mission of the phrases of Abai’s edification is to suppose, to let others suppose, to show the aim right into a precept. The phrases of edification of an important thinker are a really precious work.

The increased we signify Abai in world tradition, the upper the honour of our nation. In the fashionable period of globalisation and the period of data expertise, Abai’s phrase ought to make everybody ponder.

There are sufficient personalities on the planet who’ve made a big contribution to the event of assorted fields of science and schooling, and have been acknowledged by common thinkers. For instance, when considering of China, we instantly recall Lao Tzu and Confucius. When we consider Russia, Dostoevsky and Tolstoy come to thoughts, and with France we recall Voltaire and Rousseau. We should additionally reach such a degree that when mentioning Kazakhstan we instantly bear in mind the title of Abai. It can be an important honour if different folks would greet us and say: The Kazakh individuals are the folks of Abai.

No matter how Abai is praised, all the things matches. His instructive life and true creativity are a task mannequin not just for the Kazakh folks, but additionally for the entire world. Abai’s concepts about man and society, schooling and science, faith and traditions, nature and the setting, state and authorities, language and communication haven’t misplaced their significance for hundreds of years, as a result of the poet’s legacy is the non secular meals of all mankind.

As lengthy as there’s a Kazakh nation, the title Abai will proceed to develop. If we maintain excessive his valuable phrases as a non secular treasure, then the dignity of our homeland earlier than the world will definitely improve.

First of all, we should promote Abai because the cultural capital of our nation. Let’s not neglect that civilized international locations worth Kazakh identification, tradition, literature and spirituality with the diploma and recognition of excellent personalities on the world degree. Therefore, it’s essential to introduce Abai as a model of a brand new Kazakhstan to the world group. This is the sacred responsibility of at present’s era.

Examples of celebration

We have to rigorously learn the works of Abai, if we need to renew our nationwide consciousness and create a aggressive nation. His views on numerous processes in society at present are very helpful for Kazakhstan. Abai, who displays the picture of not solely his time, but additionally of contemporary society, fought onerous on the way in which to the nation’s aim.

We all know nicely that every Kazakh has a dombra in a decent place. I imagine that in each household there must also be a guide by Abai and a novel by Mukhtar Auezov “The Way of Abai”.

The subsequent era ought to comply with the clear path of Abai. This is the achievement of the dream of the good poet. Therefore, we should study from the ideas of Abai.

This yr greater than 500 occasions can be organised on the worldwide, nationwide and regional ranges devoted to the 175th anniversary of Abai. The fundamental occasion would be the International Scientific and Practical Conference Heritage of Abai and World Spirituality, which can be held in August in Semey in collaboration with UNESCO. Also in October, Nur-Sultan will host a global convention on the subject of Abai and problems with non secular revival. These occasions will permit a complete examine of the character and heritage of Abai and open the way in which to his work for the advantage of the brand new Kazakhstan of the 21st century.

One of the necessary initiatives is the interpretation and publication of the works of the good poet in ten languages. In explicit, the work of Abai can be translated into English, Arabic, Japanese, Spanish, Italian, Chinese, German, Russian, Turkish and French. Several documentaries and the tv collection “Abai” concerning the life, heritage of the poet, his function within the improvement of Kazakh tradition can be created.

The area of poetry just isn’t an exception. Theater and music festivals can be held on the nationwide and worldwide ranges. This yr the awards are devoted to the work of Abai. The State Prize for the very best works within the area of literature and artwork will now be known as the Abai State Prize.

The inauguration of Abai’s character and heritage continues overseas. It is deliberate to create “Abai Centres” on the embassies of Kazakhstan in Russia, France, the United Kingdom and different international locations. These cultural occasions should be organised with out squandering.

The cemetery of the Kunanbai Oskenbaiuly dynasty within the village of Akshoky, East Kazakhstan Region, can be improved.

At the identical time, I imagine that the federal government ought to take the next measures to exalt Abai’s character at a excessive degree:

Semipalatinsk area is without doubt one of the most sacred locations within the historical past of the Kazakhs. Therefore, town of Semey, which occupies a particular place within the non secular improvement of the nation, needs to be attributed to the historic centre. The birthplace of the Great Abai, Shakarim and Mukhtar Auezov deserve particular respect. In this regard, it’s essential to develop the socio-economic facet of town and modernise its historic and cultural objects in accordance with new necessities. I instruct the federal government to take acceptable measures relating to this.

As a part of the anniversary yr, it’s essential to create favorable situations for the general public who need to beautify the sacred place of Abai – the well-known Zhidebai and honour the spirit of the good poet.

In addition, it’s essential to pay particular consideration to the state historical-cultural and literary-memorial reserve-museum of Abai Zhidebai-Borili, and switch it right into a centre of scientific and academic work.

In Zhidebai, it’s essential to set up a brand new constructing devoted to the museum, the Heritage of Abai.

State help is required for the Abai journal, which was based in 1918 in Semipalatinsk by Mukhtar Auezov and Zhusipbek Aimauytov and has been revealed since 1992.

These and different large-scale occasions can be held to honour the spirit of the good Abai and glorify his wealthy heritage. Therefore, I urge all Kazakhstan folks to take an energetic half on this noble initiative.

* * *

We connect nice significance to the 175th anniversary of Abai as an occasion that can renew public consciousness and provides impetus to our improvement as one nation, a complete nation.

I believe that the primary aim of this occasion is a few form of reporting again to the nationwide instructor of the nation. Critique of Abai is critical and constructive critique.

Through the initiative of the First President – Elbasy and the help of the nation we’ve got conquered nice heights. We set the aim to enter the prime 50 most superior international locations and achieved this forward of schedule.

We plan to hitch the highest thirty. And we are going to obtain this. Abai’s legacy also can assist us obtain this aim. The subsequent query is whether or not we are able to comprehend the assistance of Abai.

Can we make sense of it?

The celebration of glory ought to stimulate the seek for methods to meet the good job dealing with the nation. We want each citizen to consider our nation in anticipation of this celebration. What did Abai give us? What did Abai demand from us? What did Abai count on from us? What affairs within the nation did Abai admire? Could you study from this? Which affairs upset Abai? Did we handle to do away with this? In different phrases, we will be glad occupied with whether or not we’re doing the 5 greatest issues that the poet spoke about and whether or not we are getting rid of the 5 enemies.

The legacy of Abai is a sacred worth that opens the way in which to unity as a nation and the event of our folks.

Ultimately, if we comply with the recommendation of Abai in any space of life, we are going to turn out to be robust as a rustic and obtain our objectives as a state.

The dream of Abai is the dream of the folks. We shouldn’t spare our power in fulfilling the goals and tasks of the folks. Abai’s useful directions lead new Kazakhstan to such heights within the 21st century.

Kassym-Jomart TOKAYEV,

President of the Republic of Kazakhstan


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