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African nations demand local weather change financing forward of COP27

2021 09 17T143116Z 193811158 Rc2Qrp9Fc3Pc Rtrmadp 3 Climate Change Un Pledges

The African continent emits just some three % of world CO2 emissions, but is among the many most uncovered to local weather change.

The leaders of two dozen African nations have urged wealthier nations to uphold their support pledges so the continent can sort out local weather change results for which it shares little blame.

African ministers made their name in a communique on the shut of a three-day discussion board within the Egyptian capital Cairo on Friday and two months earlier than Egypt hosts the essential COP27 local weather convention in Sharm El-Sheikh in November.

We urge “developed countries to fulfil their pledges in relation to climate and development finance, and deliver on their commitments to double adaptation finance, in particular to Africa,” the 24 leaders mentioned in a closing assertion.

The African continent emits just some three % of world CO2 emissions, former UN chief Ban Ki-moon famous this week.

And but African nations are amongst these most uncovered to the consequences of local weather change, notably worsening droughts and floods.

The African leaders mentioned the monetary support was wanted in view of “the disproportionate impact of climate change and nature loss on the African continent”.

Africa not solely has a “low carbon footprint”, they mentioned, but it surely additionally performs a key function in capturing greenhouse gases, together with within the Congo Basin, which is home to the world’s second-largest tropical rainforest after the Amazon.

‘Abrupt disinvestments from fossil fuels’

The communique urged wealthy nations to satisfy and increase local weather pledges, and mentioned poor nations ought to have the ability to develop economically whereas receiving extra funds to adapt to the consequences of local weather change.

The doc harassed “the need to avoid approaches that encourage abrupt disinvestments from fossil fuels, as this will … threaten Africa’s development”.

The function of fuel within the transition to cleaner power is about to be a key level of competition at COP27. Climate activists say it must be shortly phased out and changed with renewables.

But, Nigerian finance minister Zainab Ahmed instructed the Cairo discussion board that fuel was a matter of survival for her nation.

“If we are not getting reasonably-priced finance to develop gas, we are denying the citizens in our countries the opportunities to attain basic development,” she mentioned.

The communique additionally referred to as for specializing in local weather change in a assessment of multilateral growth banks and worldwide monetary establishments. It advised the creation of a sustainable sovereign debt hub that might scale back the price of capital for growing states and help debt-for-nature swaps.

Funding to assist poorer nations curb their emissions and strengthen their resilience will likely be a key concern at COP27.

A longstanding objective for developed nations to spend $100bn a yr from 2020 on serving to susceptible nations adapt to local weather change stays unmet.

According to the African Development Bank, the continent will want as a lot as $1.6 trillion between 2020 and 2030 for its personal efforts to restrict local weather change and to adapt to the antagonistic results which might be already obvious.

Kevin Chika Urama, chief economist on the African Development Bank, mentioned Africa confronted a local weather financing hole of about $108bn annually.

“Climate finance structure today is actually biased against climate-vulnerable countries. The more vulnerable you are the less climate finance you receive,” he mentioned.

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