Archaeologists unearth 2,000-year-old mummies with golden tongues in northern Egypt

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A decayed human skull with a clearly visible, golden-yellow amulet in its mouth - MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND ANTIQUTIES HANDOUT/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock
A decayed human cranium with a clearly seen, golden-yellow amulet in its mouth – MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND ANTIQUTIES HANDOUT/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock

Archaeologists in Egypt have unearthed greater than a dozen 2,000-year-old mummies, together with some with gold tongues of their mouths, in accordance with the nation’s Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.

The Egyptian-Dominican workforce from the University of Santo Domingo within the Dominican Republic was working on the Taposiris Magna Temple in western Alexandria when it found the stays of 16 historical Egyptians buried in rock tombs.

The mummies have been poorly preserved and in a state of serious decomposition, however images launched by the ministry confirmed a human skeleton with a clearly seen, tongue-shaped piece of gold positioned in its jaw.

According to officers, the amulets “were placed in the mouth of the mummy in a special ritual to ensure their ability to speak in the afterlife before the Osirian court.” In Egyptian mythology, Osiris was the god of the afterlife, in addition to fertility and agriculture.

Dr Kathleen Martinez, who headed the workforce, defined that of the 16 mummies, the 2 most vital had preserved alongside them the stays of scrolls and components of their cartonnage – a form papyrus or linen-based papier-mache used to assemble the intricate “face masks” that envelop the mummified our bodies inside their sarcophagi.

A burial mask showing the face of a woman with holes for the eyes - MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND ANTIQUTIES HANDOUT/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock 
A burial masks displaying the face of a lady with holes for the eyes – MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND ANTIQUTIES HANDOUT/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock

The first of those bore “gilded decorations of the god Osiris … while the other mummy wears a crown decorated with horns and [a] cobra snake at the forehead.” The chest of the mother, in the meantime “shows a gilded decoration representing the wide necklace from which hangs the head of a falcon, the symbol of the god Horus.”

The falcon-headed Horus was the god of kingship and the sky

Alongside the golden tongues, the gilded cartonnage and the mummies’ location in rock-cut tombs recommended the mummies dated to the period of Greek and Roman rule, the ministry mentioned in its assertion.

While the tongue amulets may need been probably the most putting aspect of the discover, Dr Khaled Abo El Hamd, director-general of the Alexandria Antiquities, was cited as saying that a very powerful discoveries of this archaeological season have been: “a funeral mask for a woman, eight golden flakes representing the leaves of a golden wreath, and eight masks of marble dating back to the Greek and Roman eras”.

The Taposiris Magna Temple is believed to have been constructed by Ptolemy IV, who dominated Egypt from 221 to 204 BC, whereas cash bearing the picture of Cleopatra VII have beforehand been discovered on the web site.

Originally revealed

Yahoo News