GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip — Since the 2007 Palestinian division, a number of nations, together with Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Qatar, Egypt and Russia, have mediated to achieve reconciliation between Fatah and Hamas. Yet all mediation efforts have failed, as the 2 sides haven’t applied any of the signed agreements.
Most just lately, Algeria picked up the Palestinian reconciliation file, in an try to achieve a breakthrough.
On Dec. 6, Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune mentioned his nation is able to host a dialogue between all Palestinian factions.
On Jan. 16, six Palestinian delegations arrived in Algeria, representing Fatah, Hamas, Islamic Jihad, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, the Democratic Front for the the Liberation of Palestine and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command, to debate with Algerian officers the reconciliation file.
Algeria is without doubt one of the primary suppliers of economic help to the Palestinians. During a gathering with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas Dec. 6, Tebboune introduced a $100 million monetary contribution from Algeria to Palestine, and allotted 300 scholarships for Palestinian college students in Algerian universities.
Meanwhile, the Palestinian individuals have nice respect for Algeria, given its historic help for Palestinian rights within the battle with Israel, be it on the official or well-liked degree.
A Palestinian supply who attended the conferences in Algeria, instructed Al-Monitor on situation of anonymity (he additionally refused to disclose his affiliation), that the Algerian officers are at the moment holding exploratory conferences with the varied Palestinian delegations. The discussions goal to open a brand new web page within the reconciliation file, whereas ignoring the understandings reached in earlier years, in keeping with the supply.
He mentioned, “When it comes to managing the Palestinian dialogues, Algeria believes in the importance of starting from scratch and forgetting about the previous understandings that were concluded between Fatah and Hamas. Algeria believes that reconciliation failed in the past due to the problems found in the previous agreements.”
Azzam al-Ahmad, head of the Fatah delegation in Algiers, instructed Al-Monitor, “We brought our vision for a sustainable reconciliation to Algeria, and it is based on two key conditions. First is a Hamas recognition of the conditions set by the Middle East Quartet [recognizing Israel, renouncing terrorism and accepting the international agreements signed by the Palestinian Authority (PA)]. Second is to return the Gaza Strip to the Palestinian legitimacy, which the PA represents.”
Ahmad famous that the Fatah delegation requested that the Algerian officers stress Hamas to permit holding the municipal elections in Gaza, and to permit the Palestinian authorities, led by Mohammad Shtayyeh, to work freely in order to imagine its duties within the Gaza Strip and handle the border crossings.
He added, “After achieving all this, we can move forward with forming a national unity government that includes all factions, including Hamas, and whose main task would be to hold general Palestinian elections.”
Ismail Radwan, senior Hamas chief who didn’t attend the conferences, instructed Al-Monitor, “Fatah is not interested in achieving reconciliation, which can be seen in the Fatah Central Committee’s decisions Jan. 18, which renewed the committee’s confidence in Azzam al-Ahmad, who is in charge of the reconciliation file within Fatah.”
He mentioned, “Azzam al-Ahmad is not a flexible person and he does not accept the idea of involving Hamas in the government. Therefore, renewing confidence in him means that Fatah will continue with the same approach of monopolizing decisions and of not being serious about achieving reconciliation.”
Radwan famous, “As long as he [Ahmad] is leading Fatah’s delegation for a reconciliation, no real breakthrough would be achieved in this file.”
Commenting on his motion’s imaginative and prescient for reconciliation, he mentioned that it’s primarily based on the restructuring of the PLO, in order to contain all factions, particularly Hamas and Islamic Jihad.
He defined that his motion calls for an finish to Fatah’s monopoly of Palestinian decision-making. He famous, “The reconciliation cannot succeed without having Hamas in the decision-making circles.”
Mukhaimar Abu Saada, professor of political science at Al-Azhar University within the Gaza Strip, instructed Al-Monitor that there’s little hope that Algeria succeeds within the reconciliation between Hamas and Fatah.
“I think that it is not the right time for Algeria to host a Palestinian dialogue, in light of the heightened dispute, the political and media exchange of accusations between Fatah and Hamas, and the increased political arrests in the West Bank. Also, Hamas recently escalated criticism against the PA and President Abbas following his meeting with Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz at the latter’s residence Dec. 28,” he mentioned.
Talal Awkal, a political analyst and creator for the native Al-Ayyam newspaper, instructed Al-Monitor, “By convening a dialogue, I think that Algeria seeks to achieve a breakthrough in the Palestinian file that can be submitted to the Arab League summit that [is expected to be held] in Algiers in March.”
He mentioned, “Algeria is more likely to fail soon, because it does not have knowledge of the reality of the Palestinian division, which is based on the lack of political harmony between Fatah and Hamas. Fatah still pins its hopes on a settlement of the conflict with Israel and recognizes Israel, while Hamas refuses to go back to the option [of settling the conflict through negotiations] that has proved to be futile and a failure over the past decades, and does not recognize Israel.”
Amid Algeria’s makes an attempt to achieve Palestinian unity, Russia known as on Hamas to go to Moscow to debate reconciliation. Mousa Abu Marzouk, Hamas’ political bureau member and head of its worldwide relations and political steering division, instructed al-Aqsa TV Jan. 11 that his motion acquired a Russian invitation for a dialogue on the Palestinian reconciliation.
Abu Marzouk mentioned that the Fatah motion “did not respond to the Russian call for a reconciliation dialogue.”
However, Ahmad instructed Al-Monitor, “We received a Russian invitation to hold a new dialogue for reconciliation, but we asked them to postpone this invitation until we see where things will go in Algeria. We do not reject any invitation from any party to achieve Palestinian reconciliation.”
Abu Saada downplayed the significance of this Russian invitation, saying, “I think that Moscow is seeking through its invitation to stress on the role it assumed in this Palestinian dossier in the past, at a time when Algeria is seeking to make a breakthrough in this file.”