Duterte presses on with ‘drug battle’ regardless of coronavirus lockdown


This grim picture has develop into all too acquainted within the Philippines’s poorer neighbourhoods: the physique of a barefoot, shirtless man, slumped towards a wall with blood dripping from bullet wounds, the newest sufferer of President Rodrigo Duterte’s unrelenting anti-illegal medication marketing campaign that has killed 1000’s.

On the morning of Sunday, March 23, police and anti-narcotics enforcers from the central island of Cebu carried out an operation towards a “high-value individual”. 


The “buy-bust” mission resulted in an “armed confrontation” and the killing of the suspect, Buen Chiong, based on a Cebu provincial police report obtained by Al Jazeera. Police added that Chiong was on their “provincial-level watchlist”.

The Cebu radio station, DYSS, quoted authorities as saying that the suspect was linked to “drug trading and burglary” in his neighborhood. Al Jazeera additionally discovered {that a} calibre .45 pistol was recovered from the scene of the capturing – a element lacking within the police report, which initially misspelt the useless man’s title as Buena.

Chiong’s dying was filed beneath Control Number 20002-032020-0502. 

Amid a nationwide well being emergency because of the coronavirus pandemic, there isn’t a stopping Duterte’s so-called lethal “war on drugs” and human rights advocates are warning that the outbreak and the lockdown that adopted would “exacerbate social inequality” within the nation, resulting in additional human rights abuses.

Right teams are urging Duterte to right away cease the “drug war” and be certain that the coronavirus containment measures being applied adhere to the requirements set by the United Nations and World Health Organization.

Since Duterte declared a partial lockdown beginning on March 15, Al Jazeera has discovered that not less than eight different folks, together with two law enforcement officials, have been killed by unknown gunmen beneath suspicious circumstances in Cebu Province alone. One of the fatalities was beforehand in jail resulting from a drug-related case.

‘Killing with out consequence’

“Reports of drug-related killings continuing amid the lockdown order are deeply concerning, but not surprising,” Rachel Chhoa-Howard of Amnesty International instructed Al Jazeera in an announcement.

“The climate of impunity in the Philippines is so entrenched that police and others remain free to kill without consequence.”

According to the newest report printed in mid-December 2019, not less than 5,552 folks have been killed throughout police operations since Duterte got here to workplace on June 30, 2016. However, an earlier report printed in June 2019 already confirmed a dying toll of 6,600. Meanwhile, rights advocates say not less than 27,000 folks have been killed as of mid-2019 – together with the victims killed by unknown gunmen.

The president himself has repeatedly promised that his “drug war” will final till the ultimate day of his presidency. As latest as early March, he was quoted on separate events saying, “Don’t be president, if you can’t kill” and that it was his job “to scare people, to intimidate people, and to kill people.”

Since then, the eye of the nation has shifted to the battle towards the coronavirus, which has already killed 88 Filipinos as of March 31, forcing the lockdown of your complete northern island of Luzon, with 57 million folks. Provincial and city executives additionally imposed related measures in their very own communities, placing nearly your complete nation of 104 million folks beneath quarantine.

Brazen assaults

Marit Stinus Cabugon, a Cebu-based columnist for a nationwide newspaper, mentioned the anti-drug police operations, in addition to the extrajudicial killings have been occurring in her province for some time. What was shocking was the brazenness of the latest assaults given the lockdown and the heightened safety throughout the nation, she mentioned.

“The killers were not afraid that they would get caught, or stopped at checkpoints,” mentioned Stinus Cabugon, who has compiled an internet checklist of killings in Cebu since 2018. She mentioned many of the killings have been drug-related.

Coronavirus lockdown not stopping Duterte''s deadly war on drugs [Courtesy of Gabriel Bonjoc]

Bobby Badajos, 45, was killed on March 21 by two unidentified attackers on board a motorbike [Courtesy of Gabriel Bonjoc]

Since she began compiling an inventory in June 2018, Stinus Cabugon has recorded not less than 159 fatalities throughout police anti-drug operations, 399 extrajudicial killings largely linked to medication and 114 different murders and homicides in and round Cebu.

“All my years in Cebu, we’ve never experienced anything like this,” mentioned the longtime Cebu resident and native of Denmark, who beforehand labored with the International Labour Organization.

Among the newest incidents she documented was the killing of Bobby Badajos on March 21. The 45-year-old driver of an electric-powered rickshaw was shot by 4 unidentified assailants on two bikes, based on a information report.

Police Major Gerard Ace Pelare, the station chief within the space the place Badajos was killed, instructed reporters the killing might be drug-related. But relations instructed The Freeman, a Cebu newspaper, that Badajos was now not concerned within the drug commerce after being launched from jail final yr on a plea discount settlement.

Badajos’ daughter, Rica, wrote on social media: “I know you are not perfect, but for us you’re already perfect, you’re the best father. Pa, nobody’s going to wake me up any more every morning before school.”

‘Not price saving’

Two hours after Badajos was killed, a police corporal named Marlon Belleres was additionally killed by an unknown gunman in the identical district. Belleres was the second officer killed in seven days. In the early hours of March 15, Police Corporal Vincent delos Reyes Arboladura was shot useless whereas driving home.

In one other incident on March 19 in Cebu, a person’s physique was dumped in a gutter together with his arms tied on the again and a gunshot to his head – just like quite a few victims dumped in the dead of night alleys of Metro Manila, when the “drug war” started through the second a part of 2016.

On March 26, 19-year-old Denver Aying was killed within the Lapu-Lapu district of Cebu. A relative wrote on social media that it was drug-related, however the sufferer’s brother disputed the declare.

Carlos Conde of Human Rights Watch within the Philippines mentioned that whereas it might sound ironic that the killings are occurring at a time when the federal government is making an attempt to avoid wasting lives from the lethal coronavirus, “it is not hard to see” it from the attitude of the president. 

“He has pretty much put them in a category that deprived them of their sense of humanity, so he doesn’t view them as worth saving,” Conde instructed Al Jazeera.

He added that even earlier than the coronavirus emergency, the “intensity of the killings” in Cebu had already raised alarm.  

Cebu killings

Police Corporal Marlon Belleres was killed by an unknown gunman on March 21, the second officer slain inside one week in Cebu [Courtesy of Gabriel Bonjoc]

“The downside in Cebu is that in contrast to Manila, there aren’t plenty of NGOs, civil societies and human rights teams that monitor these killings in Cebu. So plenty of them are unreported,” Conde mentioned.

But the killings in Cebu comply with the identical sample as in Metro Manila, with the identical form of folks being singled out – largely these living in sprawling slum areas – he mentioned.

“The government should stop the ‘drug war’, especially that this point when these communities are suffering from COVID-19,” Conde mentioned, warning the way in which Duterte’s emergency declaration is being arrange permits the authorities “plenty of leeway to just about do no matter they need” thus growing the “potential of misuse”. 

‘There can be justice’

In an interview with Manila-based radio station DZMM on Tuesday, Police Lieutenant General Guillermo Eleazar, commander of the Joint Task Force Corona Virus Shield, declared that for the reason that declaration of the lockdown, crimes have declined by 52 % throughout your complete nation.

He additionally warned those that violated curfew measures through the lockdown that they’d be punished, whereas promising that the police would “not abuse its authority” in implementing the legislation.

Stinus Cabugon, the newspaper columnist based mostly in Cebu, conceded that with the coronavirus well being emergency, it could develop into even tougher to report and collect details about drug-related killings in her neighborhood.

She mentioned that with the lockdown, many residents of Cebu have been now confronted with overwhelming financial hardship and can be preoccupied with merely surviving.

Just the identical, she vowed to proceed her work documenting the lethal “drug war”.

“I wish I didn’t have to add names to the list,” she instructed Al Jazeera. “I hope that one day, we will really get to the bottom of it, and there would be justice, and whoever was responsible for mass murder, would also be held accountable.”