Nov 20, 2020
CAIRO — In what observers thought-about a brand new problem for the 5+5 Joint Military Commission talks in Geneva and a want to hinder the peace endeavors between Libyan events, Qatar signed a army settlement Nov. 13 with the Government of National Accord (GNA) primarily based in western Libya to “train and build military capacities.” This step permits Qatar to spice up its army presence on Libyan territories.
The army settlement, which is the primary of its form with Qatar, crowns a memorandum of understanding signed Oct. 26 between the GNA’s Ministry of Interior and its Qatari counterpart for safety cooperation in Doha. The settlement was concluded within the presence of Qatari Minister of Interior Khalid Bin Khalifa Bin Abdul Aziz al-Thani, Libyan Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohamed Taher Siala and Libyan Minister of Interior Fathi Bashagha.
The settlement prompted many questions, particularly coming after Libyan events signed a everlasting cease-fire in October after years of conflict and after the rival events agreed to carry elections below UN auspices inside 18 months.
In response to Qatar’s intervention to help the GNA militarily in its conflict in opposition to the Libyan National Army (LNA) primarily based within the east and led by Khalifa Hifter, LNA spokesperson Ahmed al-Mesmari mentioned in an Oct. 26 assertion that any army agreements with the GNA are a violation of the outcomes of the 5+5 Joint Military Commission talks in Geneva and a hypocritical try and undermine what the events agreed on in Switzerland, together with the cease-fire and ending overseas intervention in Libyan affairs. Mesmari accused Qatar of utilizing its brokers in Libya to cross safety agreements to help terrorism.
On Oct. 23, the UN Support Mission in Libya introduced that the GNA and the LNA delegations signed a whole and everlasting cease-fire settlement that stipulated the departure of all mercenaries and overseas fighters from Libya inside three months and the suspension of all army coaching agreements in Libya.
Head of the Arab Organization for Human Rights in Libya Abdul Menhem al-Horr instructed Al-Monitor that the Qatari settlement is a transparent violation of the cease-fire settlement.
On July 17, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights revealed that Turkish intelligence forces had transferred greater than 2,500 Islamic State members with Tunisian citizenship from Syrian territories to Libya previously months on orders from the Turkish authorities.
Horr argued that the timing of the settlement is suspicious, because it was concluded solely days after the cease-fire settlement and amid ongoing deliberations in Tunisia for holding the elections. It could level to hidden motives, as Qatar provides the GNA with mercenaries and monetary help with out the necessity for any agreements, he added.
On Aug. 15, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that 400 Syrian mercenaries have gone to Qatar for coaching, to be later despatched to Libya.
Meanwhile, Tunisia is internet hosting the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum to arrange for presidential and parliamentary elections.
Horr famous that Qatar is doing the whole lot attainable to foil the political course of in Libya and cease the truce and provides itself an influential function and presence in Libya and shield its pursuits in Libyan oil.
Military adviser at Nasser Military Academy Gamal Mazloum instructed Al-Monitor that Qatar has nothing to supply Libya because it doesn’t have a robust army that qualifies it to coach the GNA forces. It is just attempting to take care of its pro-GNA militias earlier than the formation of a brand new authorities.
Mazloum famous that Qatar’s different motive is ongoing help for the GNA alone and refusal to unite all events below one umbrella, to perpetuate chaos and hurt Egypt’s nationwide safety.
On July 9, Qatari Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al-Thani mentioned throughout a speech at a gathering of the UN Security Council that the one technique to resolve the Libyan disaster is thru supporting the GNA.
Mazloum added, “Egypt is well aware of the dangers of such agreements and the Qatari and Turkish role in supporting militias in Libya. For that reason, it supported the Geneva negotiations and the Tunisia-sponsored talks, and it is proposing initiatives and holding meetings to unite the Libyan parties. But these attempts or initiatives will not succeed amid the deployment of armed militias.”
On June 6, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi introduced an initiative to resolve the Libyan disaster that known as for respect for worldwide and UN initiatives, declaring a cease-fire and expelling overseas mercenaries from Libyan territories. However, it didn’t succeed.
On Oct. 23, the Egyptian Foreign Ministry welcomed the Geneva cease-fire settlement and affirmed Egypt’s steady help to make sure Libya’s stability and protect its sovereignty, underlining the significance of overseas forces leaving the nation.
Mazloum continued, “Because Cairo’s initiatives did not succeed in achieving their goals, Egypt took a decisive stance when the militias, backed by Turkey and Qatar [were making progress against the LNA]. Egypt threatened military intervention to protect the Egyptian borders from infiltration.”
Mazloum concluded, “Qatar is largely at odds with Egypt, as it believes that the Egyptian regime thwarted its Muslim Brotherhood project with the fall of former President Mohammed Morsi and contributed with Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain to the blockade on it. Therefore, it is in Qatar’s interest to keep the situation unchanged.”