Egypt discovers 110 historical tombs spanning three civilizations

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CAIRO — The archaeological mission working within the Kom al-Khalijan space within the northern Egyptian governorate of Dakahlia introduced the invention of 110 tombs courting again to a few completely different civilizations April 27. They embrace the Lower Egypt civilization referred to as Bhutto I and II, the Naqada III civilization and a transition period referred to as the Hyksos interval.

Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities Mustafa Waziri was cited on the web site of the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities calling the discovery an essential historic and archaeological occasion. He defined, “There are 68 tombs dating back to the Lower Egypt civilization, five tombs from the Naqada III era and 37 tombs from the Hyksos era. Excavations are ongoing to reveal more of this region’s secrets.”

Ayman Ashmawi, head of the Egyptian Antiquities Department on the Supreme Council of Antiquities, stated within the ministry’s assertion of the Lower Egypt discover, “These tombs are oval-shaped pits, and people seem to have been buried inside in a fetal position. Most of them were lying on their left side, with their heads facing west. The remains of a baby were found in a jar from the Bhuto II period with a small spherical pottery vessel.”

Ashmawi added, “The five tombs dating back to the Naqada III period are also oval-shaped pits and include two tombs whose sides, bottom and roof were covered with a layer of mud. Inside the pits, the mission found a set of funerary furniture distinctive of this period, including cylindrical and pear-shaped vessels, in addition to stone or clay vessels, all of which were decorated with drawings and geometric shapes and a small mass of flint that was used for kohl bowls.”

The head of the Central Department of Lower Egypt on the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Nadia Khader, was quoted as saying, “The cemeteries of the second transition era, the so-called Hyksos period, numbered 37. The mission found 31 of them that are semi-rectangular pits with depths ranging from 20 cm to 85 cm, and they were all distinguished by their burials in an extended position, with the head pointing west and the face up. A clay coffin was found with a child buried inside it, and two tombs for two children were made of mud bricks in the form of a rectangular structure.”

The mission additionally discovered some funerary furnishings, together with a small-sized pottery vessel and a silver ring, along with a set of ovens and stoves, the stays of mud brick foundations, scarab amulets and jewellery equivalent to earrings, a few of that are made from semi-precious stones.

The director of the Antiquities Museum at Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Hussein Abdel-Basir, instructed Al-Monitor over the telephone, “This discovery is important on every level. It sheds light on these different stages of civilization. It is unusual to find Hyksos burials in this area, as they buried their dead in the Tal el-Dabaa area [in Sharqia governorate in northern Egypt], which was their capital. The discovery is even more remarkable because it was carried out solely by Egyptians.”

He added, “The discovery is important for the area where the burials were found as it draws attention to the Delta region, which is rich in antiquities. Excavation in the area is difficult due to the nature of its clay soil, which differs from the sandy soil in southern Egypt.” He stated that this space wants pressing consideration to extract antiquities which might be prone to ultimately changing into submerged.

Egypt is busily selling its antiquities to assist the tourism sector, which has suffered successive blows for the reason that 2011 rebellion, the Russian aircraft crash in Sinai on the finish of 2015 and the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. Tourism contributes as much as 15% of Egypt’s gross home product and is a significant supply of overseas foreign money.

Abdel-Basir defined, “This discovery has a greater scientific value and has not received a lot of media attention like other discoveries, such as the ancient city that was unearthed in Luxor on April 8.”

Bassam El-Shammaa, an Egyptology author and tour information, instructed Al-Monitor over the telephone that it is particular to discover tombs within the Delta area. Most of the tombs found in 2020 had been in Saqqara in Giza governorate (south of Cairo), the western mainland in Luxor (southern Egypt) and the Abydos website in Sohag governorate (southern Egypt).

Shamaa identified that any archaeological discovery is priceless to science and imparts new details about the day by day lives of people that lived throughout these eras just like the meals they ate, their use of assets, their schooling and the way they organized city areas.