Egypt displays Sudan’s struggles to kind transitional authorities

CAIRO — Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok has revealed the explanations for his delay in forming the brand new authorities. He confirmed in a Facebook put up, “Since the signing of the political agreement Nov. 21, the transitional government has not been formed. We are well aware of the involvement of all the political forces supporting the revolution and the civil democratic transition in a serious and deep dialogue to agree on a national charter, and to create a broad front to achieve and fortify the civil democratic transition.”

He continued, “This national consensus will constitute a national framework to unite ranks and establish a mechanism to form a technocratic government. It will also help complete the structures of the transitional authority and monitor its work to achieve the priorities of the remainder of the transitional period. These include implementing the Juba Peace Agreement, completing the peace process, achieving stability and economic recovery, enhancing the security situation and completing the democratic transition process through free and fair elections.”

The Sudanese army, led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, took management of the transitional authorities in a army coup on October 25, 2021.

Hamdok’s efforts to kind a brand new transitional authorities are available gentle of the intense issues within the political scene in Sudan, after a number of political forces within the nation — most notably the Forces of Freedom and Change — rejected the political settlement concluded Nov. 21 between Hamdok and the top of the Sudanese Sovereign Council, Lt. Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, in response to which Hamdok was launched and reinstated till elections in 2023. Consensus has not but been reached among the many varied teams after Hamdok agreed to kind a brand new transitional authorities. Regarding the detainees, the settlement additionally included a number of gadgets that signify a brand new street map outlining the democratic path for the switch of energy and the completion of the transitional part.

According to the political settlement and the constitutional doc, the anticipated authorities can be a technocratic one with none political or partisan figures, and Hamdok himself is dedicated to this. However, the most important drawback for Hamdok on this activity is the division within the political area over the political settlement.

Sporadic protests have been rising rejecting the political settlement. It is possible at this level that the remnants of Bashir’s regime are supporting and contributing to those protests to drag the nation backward. 

Ambassador Salah Halima, former assistant overseas minister in Egypt, asserted that Hamdok’s success in overcoming the present stage and bringing a few technocratic authorities is his largest problem.

Regarding the way forward for the Forces of Freedom and Change within the new authorities, Halima advised Al-Monitor, “The Forces of Freecom and Change, as well as other forces and political parties, will not have any presence in the new government, because the political agreement binds Hamdok to a technocratic government to avoid a recurrence of the same scenario. The previous government, which was a partisan government, constituted a major problem in the past and angered the political forces that were not represented by the government and that were strongly supportive of the Sudanese revolution.”

Regarding Hamdok’s leeway to decide on new ministers, Halima famous, “According to the political agreement, Hamdok has full freedom to take the decisions of the executive authority, and the evidence for this is his immediate suspension of Abdel Fattah al-Burhan’s position appointments that came after the October 25 events, and the appointment of new officials across all state institutions.”

In a message of reassurance, Burhan, who’s head of the Sovereign Council in Sudan, affirmed that the political settlement is the secure manner out to finish the duties of the transition. He underlined that work is underway on a constitution that features all political forces, apart from the National Congress Party (Bashir’s occasion). The military will stay devoted to its pledge to the individuals in finishing the democratic transition, resulting in elections, as Hamdok determined to alleviate the secretaries of provinces of their duties and assign successors to them.

Abdel Raouf el-Reedy, former Egyptian ambassador to Washington, advised Al-Monitor that Hamdok is going through challenges, together with bringing in a authorities that enjoys nationwide consensus and the help of the Sudanese individuals, given the state of division. Under the extraordinary political scenario in Sudan, the formation of the federal government will want extra time in order that Hamdok can create political consensus between the assorted political forces, particularly since a few of them are against the political settlement. He emphasised that the Sudanese scenario is essential for Egypt. For that motive, Egypt is intently monitoring developments in Sudan.

Musab al-Hadi, Sudanese journalist with Al-Nokhba journal, advised Al-Monitor, “The options before Hamdok in forming the new transitional government are clear in the demands of people in the streets to form a technocratic government free of partisan appointments. This is one of the main obstacles facing Hamdok, and his efforts to form a government lie in the pressure from some who want to restore the form of government to partisan and tribal appointments, but there is no choice but to form a technocratic government.”

Hadi mentioned, “One of the key challenges that the government will face after its formation is containing the crisis in eastern Sudan, in addition to the occasional conflicts between the military and civil components, and each faction’s attempt to impose its control over the state’s decisions. Among the issues awaiting government, it is to provide a decent life for the Sudanese people by improving their daily living conditions, especially since the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs confirmed in a report that 14.3 million Sudanese, representing about 30% of the population, are on the brink of starvation and will need food assistance for the next year.”

Amani al-Taweel, adviser with Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies and an expert in African affairs, explained to Al-Monitor the most important challenges that Hamdok faces in forming his next government, and emphasized the absence of a political base that qualifies him to choose competencies capable of cooperating with him in a technocratic government. She underlined that there are efforts to cement that base, but there are underlying differences and divisions, and some political forces’ refusal of the political agreement constitutes a challenge as well.

She said in an exclusive statement that it is unlikely that the Forces of Freedom and Change will be represented because the international support that these forces enjoyed is now nonexistent. Besides, the military component no longer welcomes the members of the Forces of Freedom and Change, unless new, welcomed elements are pushed to the forefront. This is not possible though, in light of Hamdok’s efforts to form a technocratic government.

She noted, “The process of forming the government is marred by a lot of ambiguity, in addition to the fact that a future ministerial period in Sudan has become unwelcome for many Sudanese cadres and technocrats in light of the deteriorating political and economic conditions of the country.”

Ambassador Mohamed el-Shazly, former Egyptian ambassador to Sudan, told Al-Monitor, “The Sudanese people are now distrustful of the symbols of the current Sudanese authority because what Burhan did on Oct. 25 created a political vacuum and distrust. Burhan did not set matters straight, but rather imposed his opinion by force. With this stubbornness, he dragged the country into a wave of political conflicts, which resulted in the emergence of many demonstrations rejecting the presence of the military component entirely. This makes it difficult to provide a secure environment in which the next government can accomplish its required tasks.”

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