Egypt, Ethiopia compete to export energy to Africa

A brand new battle between Ethiopia and Egypt has surfaced towards the backdrop of the dispute over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). The two African nations are actually combating over export of electrical energy to Africa.

Ethiopia is poised to satisfy its ambition to export electrical energy from the GERD. Ethiopian Ambassador to Uganda Alemtsehay Meseret held talks with Burundi’s Minister of Water, Energy and Mineral Ibrahim Uwizeye on July 7. During the assembly, Uwizeye affirmed that his nation is ready for the completion of the dam to purchase electrical energy from Ethiopia.

Ethiopia is working to generate about 6,000 megawatts (MW) of electrical energy from the GERD. In 2014, it introduced its plan to export 5,000 MW of electrical energy to neighboring nations and Africa inside 10 years.

In June 2020, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed confirmed at a parliamentary session that “Ethiopia will start exporting electricity from the GERD in 2023.”

In flip, Ethiopian Minister of Irrigation Seleshi Bagli introduced in April 2021, “The production of electric power from the GERD will start in August, after the completion of the second filling of the dam’s reservoir.”

Ethiopia already exports electrical energy to its neighbors Kenya, Sudan and Djibouti. In a report in 2015, Reuters reported that Ethiopia “has signed deals to send power to Tanzania, Rwanda, South Sudan and Yemen as well, particularly from hydropower.”

However, Addis Ababa goals to scale up its manufacturing and export of hydroelectricity to African nations by means of the GERD.

Meanwhile, Egypt is making contacts with African nations, particularly these Ethiopia goals to export electrical energy to. Egypt is attempting to provide these nations with electrical energy by serving to them set up energy crops and exporting electrical energy to them.

Burundi is certainly one of these African nations and Egypt had supplied to put money into the sector of electrical energy within the nation. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi careworn throughout talks with Burundian President Evariste Ndayishimiye in March 2021 Egypt’s keenness to help Burundi’s growth wants, particularly within the electrical energy sector, by maximizing the investments of specialised Egyptian corporations.

In a associated context, the Egyptian non-public firm, Orascom, is a part of the three way partnership developing the Jiji and Mulembwe hydropower mission on Burundi’s Jiji River. The mission goals to generate a manufacturing capability of 50 MW.

In February, Egyptian Ambassador to Burundi Yasser al-Atwy expressed to Uwizeye his nation’s want to offer help and help to boost the manufacturing capability of electrical energy in Burundi, and to coach Burundian engineers and technicians within the discipline of electrical energy.

Egypt additionally turned to Djibouti. Sisi visited Djibiouti in May and agreed together with his counterpart to extend Egyptian investments and to permit Egyptian corporations to contribute to infrastructure tasks, inter alia electrical energy tasks.

In February, a delegation comprising plenty of Egyptian contracting corporations and corporations working within the discipline of photo voltaic vitality visited Djibouti. The go to aimed to debate methods to ascertain photo voltaic vitality crops and energy crops and encourage the Egyptian non-public sector to put money into the development of energy crops in Djibouti.

In 2018, the Djiboutian Minister of Energy and Natural Resources, Yonis Ali Guedi, visited Cairo. Guedi concluded a memorandum of understanding on an electrical energy cope with his Egyptian counterpart, Mohammed Shaker. The deal aimed to boost bilateral cooperation within the discipline of electrical energy and set up solar energy crops.

Ethiopia exports electrical energy to Sudan. It showers Khartoum with guarantees that it’s going to broaden exports due to the GERD electrical energy. However, the Egyptian-Sudanese cooperation within the discipline of electrical energy, most notably by means of the electrical interconnection mission, has considerably alleviated the facility disaster hitting Sudan. In March, the 2 nations signed an settlement to boost the capability of their electrical interconnection from 80 to 300 MW.

Egypt can be serving to Tanzania — which had signed contracts to buy electrical energy from Ethiopia in 2016 — within the building of the Julius Nyerere Dam. The dam features a hydroelectric energy plant, the most important in Tanzania, with an electrical capability of 6,307 MW-hours yearly.

Several African nations endure from an electrical energy disaster. To fill its energy scarcity, Kenya agreed to purchase 400 MW of vitality from Ethiopia. This didn’t hold it, nonetheless, from searching for cooperation with Egypt. Kenya requested Cairo to induce its specialised corporations to put money into the sector of electrical energy era and vitality.

In December 2019, Sisi introduced his nation’s readiness to export electrical energy to African nations at a low value. This got here as a part of Egypt’s plan to broaden electrical energy exports to Africa.

Abbas Sharaki, professor of water assets at Cairo University, informed Al-Monitor that Egypt is following a method to strengthen its affect as soon as once more in Africa by means of tasks and investments, and to assist the nations of the continent remedy their disaster.

He mentioned, “African countries — especially Nile Basin countries — have acute electricity shortages, which Ethiopia is exploiting. Egypt is aware of that. Ethiopia deludes its people that the GERD will solve the electricity crisis. But this will not be possible in the absence of infrastructure projects to distribute electricity to all regions of Ethiopia.”

Sharaki added, “The Ethiopian government chose the easiest way, which is to export the electricity of the GERD to Africa rather than meeting the needs of its own people.”

In statements throughout his June assembly with President of the Republic of South Sudan Salva Kiir, Egyptian Minister of Irrigation Mohamed Abdel Aty refuted Ethiopia’s claims that the GERD will present electrical energy to Ethiopia and its neighboring nations.

Abdel Aty pointed to contradicting statements by Ethiopian officers. He famous that they stress the significance of the GERD in offering electrical energy to the Ethiopian people who find themselves disadvantaged of electrical energy, whereas the Ethiopian authorities is searching for to export this electrical energy overseas.

In a report printed in October 2020, the London-based newspaper The Independent had confirmed that half of Ethiopia’s inhabitants doesn’t have entry to electrical energy.

“Egypt’s assistance to African countries, especially Ethiopia’s neighbors, in meeting their electricity needs may hinder Addis Ababa’s plan to export electricity to those countries,” Sharaki concluded.


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