Egypt hosted a Somali delegation led by Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation Said Hussein at Cairo Water Week, an annual occasion to debate insurance policies for water-scarce nations on water administration and strategic planning.
Hussein held talks Oct. 25 with Egyptian Minister of Irrigation and Water Resources Mohamed Abdel-Ati to debate water cooperation between Egypt and Somalia together with Egyptian assist for Somalia to construct dams and develop irrigation methods within the Horn of Africa nation, which is ravaged by drought.
Hussein mentioned Somalia was wanting ahead to enrolling extra Somalis within the coaching programs organized by Egypt’s Regional Training Center for Water Resources and Irrigation and the National Water Research Center.
Somalia is among the worst affected international locations by local weather change, with erratic rainfall, excessive temperature and extended droughts. The nation’s common temperatures are among the hottest on the earth, interrupted by temporary wet seasons. The Somali economic system is predominantly agricultural.
Rainfall in Somalia is low, with the annual common starting from 215 milimeters within the northeastern areas to approximately 550 milimeters within the southern and central areas.
Somali Ambassador to Egypt Elias Sheikh Omar mentioned his nation was on the lookout for Arab and African assist to take care of its drought disaster.
“Somalia desires stronger relations with Egypt, particularly in the fields of agriculture and fisheries to serve the interests of both the Egyptian and Somali peoples,” the diplomat mentioned on the sidelines of Cairo Water Week.
Abdirahman Ahmed Omar, a Somali researcher in water assets and concrete planning, mentioned all rivers and tributaries in Somalia originate within the Ethiopian Highlands. He defined Somalia has two main rivers: the Juba and Shabelle, each of which originate in Ethiopia, however “Somalia has much less rainfall than its neighboring countries Ethiopia and Kenya,” making Somalia highly dependent on the rivers for water.
Abbas Sharaki, a professor of geology and water resources at Cairo University, said water projects are a main field of cooperation between Egypt and Somalia.
“The two countries can cooperate on building dams for harvesting rainwater, building wells, establishing modern irrigation networks, establishing laboratories to analyze water quality and forecast rainfall and training Somali engineers in water management, especially modern irrigation methods with a view to developing Somali agriculture,” he told Al-Monitor.
Sharaki said Somalia has a special importance to Egypt’s national security.
“Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa, where the strategic Bab al-Mandab Strait is the gateway to the Red Sea and the Suez Canal,” he said. “Somalia is also a next-door neighbor to Ethiopia, the main source of the Nile water,” he said.
Egypt and Sudan are engaged in a decade-long dispute with Ethiopia over its controversial Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile, a main tributary to the Nile River.While Ethiopia sees the GERD as key to economic development, Egypt fears that the hydroelectric dam project will drastically reduce its water share from the Nile River, the country’s only source of fresh water.
Cairo and Khartoum have been pressing for a legally binding agreement on the rules for filling and operating the GERD, but Addis Ababa has resisted.
Egypt has carried out a series of projects in Africa as part of efforts to expand its influence in the continent and protect Egyptian interests there.
Egypt has carried out a series of projects in Africa as part of efforts to expand its influence in the continent and protect Egyptian interests there, such as a solar energy plant in Uganda’s Tororo district, a dam in Tanzania’s Rufiji Riverand wells in South Sudan. The two countries also signed a cooperation protocol to manage flooding in South Sudan.
“Every Egyptian cooperation effort in Africa serves to boost Egypt’s influence on the continent,” Gamal Bayoumi, a former assistant international minister, advised Al-Monitor.