Egypt will host the 27th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP27) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2022, whereas the United Arab Emirates will obtain contributors within the COP28 in 2023.
In an announcement issued Nov. 11, the Egyptian Ministry of Environment mentioned, “Egypt will officially host the upcoming Conference of Parties to the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (COP27) in Sharm El-Sheikh in 2022.” The choice announcement was made on the Glasgow convention (COP26), at the moment in session.
The Ministry of Environment praised this as a brand new chapter of Egypt’s local weather motion management within the area, which goals to unite the world’s efforts in dealing with the consequences of local weather change.
In her speech on the Glasgow convention on behalf of the Egyptian authorities, Egyptian Minister of Environment Yasmine Fouad thanked all delegations, particularly African events, for endorsing Egypt’s provide to host the subsequent COP. She additionally referred to as for world efforts to reduce local weather change, whose influence impacts all international locations with none discrimination and requires multilateral, lively, dynamic and cooperative motion.
Fouad reiterated what President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi mentioned in his speech on the World Leaders Summit on Nov. 1, affirming that COP27 shall be a real African convention.
She added, “We hope to make progress in priority areas such as climate financing, adaptation, and loss and damage, to keep pace with the progress that the world hopes to achieve in mitigation and carbon neutrality efforts.”
On the sidelines of her participation in COP26, Fouad launched Egypt’s National Climate Change Strategy 2059, which goals to allow Egypt to plan and handle local weather change at varied ranges and assist the achievement of sustainable improvement objectives and the objectives of Egypt’s Vision 2030, by means of a versatile and low-emissions approach that effectively counters the consequences and repercussions of local weather change.
Other regional international locations beforehand hosted the UNFCCC’s COP. Morocco hosted COP7 in 2001 and COP22 in 2016, whereas Qatar hosted COP18 in 2012.
Samir Tantawi, director of the local weather change undertaking on the United Nations Development Program, believes Egypt was chosen as an indication of appreciation by the worldwide neighborhood for the efforts exerted by the state within the subject of improvement whereas preserving the setting.
He defined that the COP board of administrators examines the internet hosting bids, types a panel of specialists to go to the proposed websites for internet hosting the convention, and verifies the logistical facets within the international locations equivalent to infrastructure, transportation networks and companies. The panel then submits its report back to the COP board of administrators. The board comes to a decision, which it then submits to the COP for approval.
Tantawi added, “In 2018, Egypt hosted the 14th session of the Conference of Parties (COP14) to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, which boosted Egypt’s experiences in hosting such international conferences.”
In a cellphone name to Al-Monitor, Tantawi famous that the Egyptian authorities has been specializing in the difficulty of local weather change. He mentioned, “The Supreme Committee of the National Council for Climate has been formed, headed by the prime minister with the membership of the relevant ministries. Other bodies were also formed within each of the concerned ministries. This is in addition to the development of energy-generating projects from renewable and clean sources, whether solar, wind or hydro energy.”
On the influence of local weather change on Egypt, Saber Othman, local weather change knowledgeable and former director of the local weather change division on the Ministry of Environment, warned that Alexandria faces the chance of being submerged by rising sea ranges. “Streets will be flooded but the city will not completely disappear,” he mentioned. “If measures are not taken to reduce emissions or protect the beaches, this would happen by the year 2100.”
Othman indicated that the mega deltas most susceptible to local weather change are the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta in Bangladesh, the Mekong delta in Vietnam and the Nile delta in Egypt.
Jauad El Kharraz, govt director of the Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Cairo, informed Al-Monitor by cellphone that Egypt deserves to host the convention. He mentioned Egypt has exerted enormous efforts and is implementing a collection of tasks within the subject of renewable power, that are a part of the local weather change adaptation and mitigation measures framework.
“When hosting the conference, I expect Egypt to focus on providing the necessary financial support to African countries in particular and developing countries in general in order to counter and mitigate the effects of climate change,” he mentioned.
Kharraz mentioned that Egypt has quite a lot of work forward of it within the coming months after being chosen to host and chair the upcoming local weather summit.
“Egypt has to work on four levels in the coming period and build on the outcomes of the Glasgow conference. Egypt has a great deal of work at the global level in terms of implementing the commitments to mitigate harmful emissions, adapting to climate change and managing the transition. Also, the financing issue in this respect is a top priority,” he added.
Meanwhile, Human Rights Watch panned the decision to have Egypt host the upcoming climate summit. In a strongly worded statement on Nov. 15, the organization said, “COP27 participating countries should prepare to counter Egypt using its role as COP27 host to whitewash its appalling record of human rights abuses.”
The assertion quoted deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch Joe Stork as saying, “Egypt is a glaringly poor choice to host COP27 and rewards the repressive rule of President Sisi despite his government’s appalling abuses.”
He added, “Countries collaborating in COP27 ought to press Egypt to launch the hundreds of individuals jailed solely for exercising their proper to free speech and peaceable meeting.”