Egypt plans to construct extra nuclear energy stations

CAIRO — Hesham Hegazy, head of the nuclear gasoline sector at Egypt’s Nuclear Power Plants Authority (NPPA), has just lately revealed that the Egyptian nuclear program just isn’t restricted to the institution of the Dabaa nuclear energy plant, because the nation seeks to construct extra nuclear energy crops on the north coast.

Speaking at a panel dialogue on the function of nuclear vitality in attaining sustainable improvement, organized by the Russian Rosatom nuclear company July 12, Hegazy stated that the Egyptian state is looking for the era and manufacturing of electrical energy by new and renewable energies, specifically nuclear vitality, amid its contribution to the creation of an built-in combine with fossil fuels to generate electrical energy.

During the seminar, which was attended by Alexander Voronkov, director and regional vp of the Rosatom Regional Center within the Middle East and North Africa, Hegazy famous that the institution of those new crops comes as a part of the NPPA’s bold plan, backed by the political management, to safe the nation’s future nuclear vitality wants.

He stated the NPPA has already submitted the paperwork required to acquire a building allow for the primary nuclear plant to generate electrical energy in Dabaa metropolis in Matrouh governorate.

In addition, Voronkov stated that work is in full swing to hurry up the development of the dock in Dabaa to obtain the heavy gear that may come from Russia to Dabaa on Egypt’s Mediterranean coast.

On Nov. 19, 2015, Egypt and Rosatom signed a contract to construct Egypt’s first nuclear energy plant within the metropolis of Dabaa, with a capability of 4,800 megawatts (MW) by 4 massive items, at a value of $28.5 billion.

According to the contract, the NPPA is the proprietor and operator of nuclear crops whereas Rosatom is the contractor.

The first unit of the plant is predicted to be accomplished by December 2024.

Al-Monitor tried to contact an official within the NPPA to acquire extra particulars in regards to the new initiatives that Hegazy talked about. But the official stated that such data will solely be revealed when the time is correct, mentioning the entity that may help these initiatives is but to be revealed.

Jamal al-Qalyubi, a professor of petroleum and vitality engineering on the American University of Cairo, advised Al-Monitor over the cellphone that the Egyptian state has been working since 2015 on a technique to diversify its vitality sources to handle future challenges.

He stated that for the reason that 1960s, Egypt has been closely reliant on nonrenewable vitality sources from hydrocarbons, similar to petroleum, diesel and, extra just lately, pure fuel. But the nation is now seeking to exchange the crops that produce electrical energy through hydrocarbons with ones that depend on renewable vitality, within the framework of the Sustainable Development Strategy of Egypt Vision 2030, he stated.

Qalyubi famous that nuclear vitality is crucial for Egypt, and that the state is looking for to have an academic and utilized affect on this regard as an alternative of solely importing overseas expertise.

He added that nuclear reactors are useful not solely by way of energy era but in addition by way of seawater desalination and the manufacturing of radioactive isotopes, which in the end advantages the Egyptian trade.

He expects extra Egyptian firms to contribute by 20% within the building of the brand new nuclear stations. Local firms already contributed by 20% to the development of the primary unit of the Dabaa nuclear plant. These firms have managed to take part within the Dabaa mission as they acquired coaching on the Dabaa Nuclear School in Matrouh governorate (west of Cairo), whereas instructional missions are being despatched to Russia, Qalyubi stated, including that such steps assist promote Egypt’s native nuclear trade. 

Former NPPA deputy head Ali Abdel Nabi advised Al-Monitor over the cellphone, “The Egyptian government’s energy mix plan seeks to have the nuclear plants’ electricity generation to account for about 20% of the total production in Egypt by 2035.”

He stated, “Reaching this percentage requires the establishment of more nuclear plants, in addition to the Dabaa plant, which only produces 4,800 MW, or nearly 3% of the total electricity production.”

Abdel Nabi explained that one of the goals behind the establishment of nuclear plants in Egypt is the transfer and localization of the manufacturing technology into Egyptian factories so that their contribution to the manufacture of new plants increases to more than 50%.

This experience, he said, helps Egypt join the global fray with its high-quality products, which, in turn, guarantees it both hard currency and technological national security.

“Nuclear plants provide electricity in much greater proportions than plants powered by gas or renewable energy such as wind, as these plants operate at 93% of the number of hours per year, compared to 27% for renewable energy plants and 56% for gas plants. In other words, nuclear plants serve the sustainable development goals better,” he famous.

Abdel Nabi identified that nuclear energy crops are top notch funding initiatives as they cowl their prices inside solely 15 years of operation, and their life span ranges from 60 to 100 years, which ensures larger profit in contrast to crops powered by fuel, petroleum and renewable vitality, which function for 25 years at most.

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