Egypt turns to China for water recommendation amid Nile dam disaster

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Egypt is trying to profit from China’s experience in managing water sources amid issues about its share of the Nile water amid the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam disaster. The Egyptian Parliament referred to as on state establishments to cooperate with China on tasks aimed to develop and preserve water sources corresponding to desalination crops and recycling wastewater to be used in agriculture.

Egypt is working to create a plan to manage water consumption and sources for presentation after the second-stage filling of the dam if Ethiopia executes its plan. China’s help within the water administration plan is hoped to reassure the Egyptian road that Cairo will come out the opposite facet of the disaster

Ahmed al-Awadi, undersecretary of Egypt’s parliamentary Defense and National Security Committee, mentioned in a May 18 press assertion, “China has experience in projects for managing water resources and will share its experience with Egypt in light of the GERD crisis.”

Awadi said that the Egyptian-Chinese cooperation just isn’t hindered by the participation of Chinese firms within the GERD mission. Two Chinese firms are engaged on completion the building of the GERD energy plant mission in Ethiopia.

China is eager to preserve its relations with the three international locations concerned within the GERD dispute. The deputy chief of mission on the Chinese Embassy in Ethiopia, Qi Tian, informed the Ethiopian News Agency on May 17 that his nation is a buddy of Ethiopia and of Egypt and Sudan as nicely. “Therefore we recognize the importance of the GERD and have noticed its importance for the development of Ethiopia,” Tian mentioned. 

Egypt and Sudan have tried to get China to mediate within the GERD disaster. Egyptian Foreign Minister Mariam Al-Sadiq proposed to her Chinese counterpart Wang Yi on May 9 that China strain Ethiopia to reach a binding settlement on the GERD’s filling and operation. 

In October 2019, the Egyptian Foreign Ministry organized a gathering with the Chinese ambassador to convey Egypt’s dissatisfaction with the continuation of labor by the Chinese firms within the GERD regardless of the shortage of research on its financial, social, and environmental results.

Egypt and Sudan’s efforts have been unsuccessful. Though China avoided pressuring Ethiopia, it did comply with cooperate with Egypt on desalination tasks, the conservation of water sources and water-efficient agriculture.

In November 2019, Egyptian Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation Mohamed Abdel Ati met with China’s Vice Minister of Water Resources Ye Jianchun to debate increasing bilateral cooperation on water points. Ati affirmed his nation’s want to cooperate in fields the place China has intensive expertise, particularly water desalination and saline agriculture. 

Jianchun additionally held talks with Mahmoud Abu-Zeid, the president of the Arab Water Council, on China sharing its expertise utilizing saline water in agriculture and enhancing irrigation programs. The two males mentioned a system utilizing brine, a byproduct of desalination, in fish farming and the irrigation of salt-tolerant crops. Jianchun affirmed that his nation understands Egypt’s issues for its water safety and helps its efforts to preserve its water sources.

In December 2018, the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture cooperated with the Chinese Academy of Sciences on growing agricultural expertise, saline agriculture strategies utilizing saline water for irrigation, cultivating saline soil and optimizing irrigation.

During her go to to China in 2019, Egyptian Deputy Minister of Agriculture Mona Mehrez introduced a plan for cooperation between Egypt and China on irrigation and water administration by means of distant sensing, in addition to rice cultivation with saltwater.

Also in 2019, a delegation from the Chinese Academy of Sciences mentioned with the Egyptian Desert Research Center a attainable Egyptian-Chinese desertification heart to handle the water disaster.

Professor of political science at Beni Suef University and specialist in Chinese affairs Nadia Helmy informed Al-Monitor that Egypt wants coaching in a number of fields the place China has nice expertise, together with agriculture and irrigation, water applied sciences and the development and upkeep of dams and lakes. “China granted scholarships for Egyptian students in the fields of water resource management,” she famous.

Helmy concluded, “China can play a distinctive position within the GERD disaster resulting from its shut relations with Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia.”

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