CAIRO — The Arabic hashtag “Stop_Mabrouk_Attia” trended in Egypt over the previous few days, as social media customers demanded that the Islamic preacher who justified violence towards girls, be prevented from showing within the media.
Al-Azhar University professor Mabrouk Attia sparked widespread controversy over feedback he made Oct. 21 through the “Happening in Egypt” program on MBC Masr channel to a girl who was overwhelmed and tortured by her husband.
He stated that ladies are likely to exaggerate with regards to complaining, and no man would resort to this diploma of violence until strongly provoked, accusing wives of bringing home violence upon themselves.
The Speak Up initiative, a feminist initiative to assist victims of violence in all its varieties, shared the video on its Twitter account and commented, “When will violence against women stop being justified so casually in the media? The worst part is that this is happening in the name of religion at a time when religion is the farthest from promoting such harm. The program host was surely shocked, but there are thousands of comments applauding the preacher.”
Despite the vast rejection on social media, many assist the preacher.
Amal Fahmy, director of the Tadwein Center for Social Gender Studies, instructed Al-Monitor that it’s time to confront spiritual discourse that incites violence towards girls and chorus from tolerating makes an attempt to justify violence, particularly contemplating that clerics have affect over society.
She stated that ladies can now not tolerate the violence they face at home and on the road, not to mention the unfair legal guidelines.
She famous that such feedback by preachers depart their mark on younger folks and provides males the sensation of entitlement to beat and insult their wives, and typically even rape them, within the identify of faith.
Fahmy additionally identified that confronting such preachers will present society that not everybody who speaks within the identify of a selected authority is certified to take action or is able to influencing folks.
According to a 2015 research — titled “Survey on the Economic Cost of Gender-Based Violence,” printed by the governmetal National Council for Women, the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics and the United Nations Population Fund — 5.6 million girls in Egypt expertise violence by the hands of their husbands or fiances yearly, whereas about 200,000 girls are yearly uncovered to issues in being pregnant on account of home violence and a couple of.four million girls undergo a number of forms of accidents on account of this type of violence.
Also, in line with the research, 46% of beforehand married girls ages 16 to 64 had been uncovered in Egypt to a type of violence by the hands of their husbands through the yr previous the survey (2014); 32% of respondents stated that they skilled bodily violence, whereas 12% skilled sexual violence.
Fahmy stated that Egypt doesn’t have a legislation on home violence, as such crimes are lined by the Egyptian Penal Code beneath totally different descriptions. She stated that if a battered spouse recordsdata a criticism to the competent authorities stating that her husband beat her, the case is handled as a quarrel between the 2 events and never labeled as home violence.
She harassed the necessity to enact complete laws for all facets of violence towards girls — psychological and materials — not solely bodily, and added that there must be an moral code that stops such instigators of violence from showing on any sort of media platform.
According to a booklet titled “The Criminal Legislative Framework for the Most Important Crimes of Violence Against Women” issued by the National Council for Women in 2020, the Egyptian legislation in its varied branches is devoid of a complete definition of violence towards girls, as there is no such thing as a particular definition within the Penal Code or the felony legal guidelines for a selected crime or a particular chapter on violence towards girls.
All types of violence towards girls are included within the provisions of the Penal Code beneath totally different descriptions or names, in line with the booklet.
Amna Nosseir, professor of Islamic Thought and Philosophy at Al-Azhar University, denounced Attia’s statements and stated that Islam doesn’t justify beating girls in any means and beneath any circumstance. She cited the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad, who stated, “A woman completes a man, an honorable man treats women with honor and integrity, and only a vile and dishonorable man humiliates and degrades women.”
She stated that verse 34 of Surah al-Nisa — “As for those from whom you fear treason disobedience: advise them, then abandon them in their beds, then discipline them” — which some take as an excuse to beat their wives, is misinterpreted.
Nosseir defined that “discipline” on this particular verse means leaving the marital home, not committing bodily violence. Even leaving the marital home shall be preceded by a number of different Quranic instructions. When indignant along with his spouse, a person shall advise her, abandon the marital mattress and keep away from speaking to her. Leaving the home comes on the finish of the checklist, she famous.
She concluded, “I hope that we will talk about these matters based on Islam, and not based on the personal opinion of a cleric. It is necessary to be careful when choosing words and opinions to talk about women. Meanwhile, the media should not shed light on such abnormal opinions that are not appropriate for modern women.”