The European Commission proposed on May 17 a brand new approach for a sustainable blue financial system within the EU for the industries and sectors associated to oceans, seas and coasts.
According to the Commission, a sustainable blue financial system is crucial to reaching the goals of the European Green Deal and guaranteeing a inexperienced and inclusive restoration from the pandemic.
Commission Executive Vice-President for the Green Deal Frans Timmermans famous that wholesome oceans are a precondition for a thriving blue financial system. “Pollution, overfishing and habitat destruction, coupled with the effects of the climate crisis, all threaten the rich marine biodiversity that the blue economy depends on. We must change tack and develop a sustainable blue economy where environmental protection and economic activities go hand in hand,” Timmermans mentioned.
EU Environment, Fisheries and Maritime Affairs Commissioner Virginijus Sinkevicius reminded that the pandemic has hit the marine financial system sectors in several, however profound methods. “We have an opportunity to start afresh, and we want to make sure that the recovery shifts the focus from mere exploitation to sustainability and resilience. Thus to be truly green, we must also think blue,” he mentioned.
All blue financial system sectors together with fisheries, aquaculture, coastal tourism, maritime transport, port actions and shipbuilding must cut back their environmental and local weather affect, the Commission mentioned, including that tackling the local weather and biodiversity crises requires wholesome seas and a sustainable use of their sources to create alternate options to fossil fuels and conventional meals manufacturing.
Transitioning to a sustainable blue financial system requires investing in modern applied sciences. Wave- and tidal vitality, algae manufacturing, improvement of modern fishing gear or restoration of marine ecosystems will create new inexperienced jobs and companies within the blue financial system.
The Communication units out an in depth agenda for the blue financial system to achieve the goals of local weather neutrality and nil air pollution notably by creating offshore renewable vitality, by decarbonising maritime transport and by greening ports.
A sustainable ocean vitality combine together with floating wind, thermal, wave and tidal vitality may generate 1 / 4 of the EU’s electrical energy in 2050. Ports are essential to the connectivity and the financial system of Europe’s areas and international locations and could possibly be used as vitality hubs.
Switch to a round financial system and cut back air pollution – together with via renewed requirements for fishing gear design, for ship recycling, and for decommissioning of offshore platforms and motion to cut back plastics and microplastics air pollution.
Preserve biodiversity and spend money on nature – defending 30% of the EU’s sea space will reverse biodiversity loss, enhance fish shares, contribute to local weather mitigation and resilience, and generate vital monetary and social advantages. Environmental impacts of fishing on marine habitats can be additional minimised.
Support local weather adaptation and coastal resilience – adaptation actions, similar to creating inexperienced infrastructure in coastal areas and defending coastlines from the danger of abrasion and flooding will assist protect biodiversity and landscapes, whereas benefitting tourism and the coastal financial system.
Ensure sustainable meals manufacturing – sustainable manufacturing of and new advertising requirements for seafood, use of algae and seagrass, stronger fisheries management in addition to analysis and innovation in cell-based seafood will assist to protect Europe’s seas. With the EU sustainable aquaculture strategic tips now additionally adopted, the Commission has additionally dedicated to rising sustainable aquaculture within the EU.
Improve administration of house at sea – the brand new Blue Forum for customers of the ocean to coordinate a dialogue between offshore operators, stakeholders and scientists engaged in fisheries, aquaculture, delivery, tourism, renewable vitality and different actions will stimulate cooperative change for the sustainable use of marine surroundings.
A report on the implementation of the EU Directive on Maritime Spatial Planning can be issued in 2022, following the adoption of nationwide maritime spatial plans in March 2021.
The Commission mentioned it is going to additionally proceed creating the situations for a sustainable blue financial system internationally following the worldwide ocean governance agenda.
The European Commission and the European Investment Bank Group, composed of the European Investment Bank and the European Investment Fund (EIF) will enhance their cooperation on a sustainable blue financial system. The establishments will work collectively with Member States to fulfill current financing wants to cut back air pollution in European seas and assist funding for blue innovation and blue bioeconomy.
The new European Maritime, Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund – particularly with its ‘BlueInvest’ platform and the brand new BlueMake investments Fund – will assist the transition in direction of extra sustainable worth chains based mostly on the oceans, seas and coastal actions. To additional finance the transformation, the Commission has urged Member States to incorporate investments for a sustainable blue financial system of their nationwide resilience and restoration plans in addition to their nationwide operational programmes for varied EU-funds from now to 2027. Other EU programmes such because the analysis programme Horizon Europe will even contribute and a devoted Mission on Oceans and Waters can be arrange.
As regards non-public investments, agreed ocean-specific sustainability rules and requirements such because the EU-sponsored Sustainable Blue Economy Finance Initiative ought to be utilized in related funding selections.