BRATISLAVA – Countries in Central and Eastern Europe like Slovakia, which have been a part of the Soviet bloc, have a possibility to leap into trendy applied sciences and renewables and never get caught in stranded investments into gasoline, a Slovak Member of the European Parliament, Martin Hojsik, advised New Europe in an interview on the sidelines of the GLOBSEC discussion board on June 16.
“What we see now is often the arguments coming from some Central and East European countries about, ‘Yes, we know we need to deal with climate but we are special, it’s very hard for us, we are highly industrialized so we have to be taken benevolently, so don’t push us too much,” mentioned Hojsik, who can also be a member of the ENVI Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.
“Now I think this is not about pushing, this is about incredible opportunity for Central and Eastern Europe. Especially, if we don’t take it seriously, if we don’t utilize the opportunity, we will end up forever trapped, for a long-time trapped in the middle-income trap that we had and we are facing now,” the Slovak MEP mentioned.
He defined that the inexperienced transition, particularly for the nations of the Soviet bloc that had the large decline of their heavy industries now represents a possibility to leap into trendy applied sciences, to leap into renewables and never get caught in stranded investments into gasoline. “I think that’s an opportunity that we have to use. In terms of the ambition, I’m sad to see Central European countries and especially Poland often backing away from higher ambitions where we actually have a good starting line,” Hojsik mentioned.
“If we take for example of Denmark, which is seen as one of the leaders and I think the Danish national target for reduction of greenhouse gas is minus 70 percent by 2030. Slovakia, the government will you, ‘Oh, that’s too ambitious.’ Now, at the moment, Slovakia is at minus 42 because the base line is 1990 and we are so deep because we essentially got rid of old polluting industries from Communism. Denmark is at minus 30. So, what we are saying is, ‘Although we would have to make less effort than Denmark, it’s still too much for us.’ And I think this is the wrong message. I think we need to work more and look for ways how to really use this as opportunity for a just transition,” Hojsik opined.
Some nations like Spain, for instance, which is now closely going into renewables, they’re really above the 1990 ranges as a result of they industrialized and elevated their emissions post-1990 whereas the previous Communist bloc the emissions usually fell.” So, Romania is already now at minus 55 from the 1990. So, for them, it’s basically a possibility to actually to sort of have a look at past basic adjustments, in fact beginning with vitality effectivity and second renewables,” he mentioned.
The Slovak MEP mentioned that lowering his nation’s reliance on gasoline and rising funding into renewables would increase vitality safety for the Central European nation.
Slovakia has very restricted quantities of fossil assets. “Slovakia is utilizing 100 percent Russian gas. Oil is from Russia. I think this is where not only vis-à-vis the risks of Russian supply and dependency on Russia but generally in terms of approaching strategical autonomy if things happen. For that, renewables are the best. Like a concrete example in Slovakia, Kosice is the capital of Slovakia has a central heating powered by coal. A few years ago, there was a project to improve the emissions as well as greenhouse gases by turning to gas,” he mentioned. “The gas is imported from Russia. Fifty kilometers away there is a geothermal source which could actually heat more than half of the city. It was drilled in the 90s, it was never utilized,” Hojsik added.
Kosice, which is located on the river Hornad on the japanese reaches of the Slovak Ore Mountains, near the border with Hungary, is the most important metropolis in japanese Slovakia. The most plentiful geothermal useful resource, not solely in Slovakia however all through the central Europe, is Kosice basin.
“It would provide us not only with environmental sound source for the heating but also strategically independence or lessen the dependence on the imports, not to mention the money would stay in the country. So, economically there is added value, you wouldn’t have to send the money for the gas to Gazprom and Putin’s regime,” he mentioned, stressing that investing in vitality effectivity and renewable vitality can also be crucial for vitality safety.