German households must pay tons of of kilos extra a 12 months for fuel underneath a levy to assist vitality corporations cowl the price of changing Russian provides.
Before the Ukraine warfare, Germany imported greater than half its fuel from Russia.
Germany already has amongst the best family fuel payments in Europe.
The authorities stated the move was vital to forestall the collapse of the German vitality market.
Ministers have promised the levy, which shall be imposed from 1 October and stay in place till April 2024, shall be accompanied by further assist for households.
Gas costs have soared for the reason that invasion of Ukraine, as Western nations imposed sanctions and pledged to section out Russian imports.
The EU says it is going to reduce fuel imports from Russia by two-thirds inside a 12 months, however has stopped in need of a complete ban.
Trading Hub Europe, the German fuel market operator, stated it had set the levy at 2.419 cents per kilowatt hour (kWH).
For a mean household of 4, the cost will quantity to a further annual value of round €480 ($489; £404), in accordance with the Verivox value comparability platform’s calculation of a mean fuel invoice of €3,568 a 12 months.
Businesses will even be topic to the levy and the Federation of German Industries has known as for extra assist.
Economy Minister Robert Habeck stated: “The levy is a consequence of Putin’s illegal war of aggression on Ukraine and the artificial energy shortage caused by Russia.”
“The alternative would have been the collapse of the German energy market, and with it large parts of the European energy market,” he informed reporters.
Economists warned the levy would additional push up inflation – the speed costs are rising – in Germany, which hit 8.5% in July.
The German authorities has introduced in subsidies for low-income households and is now spending an additional €15bn on gas subsidies via reducing petrol and diesel taxes, offering folks with one-off €300 pay-outs, additional baby assist funds and public transport reductions.
Germany has inspired its residents to cut back their vitality consumption and in June it launched measures together with dimming avenue lights, turning off fountains and decreasing the temperatures in swimming swimming pools.
Last month, fuel costs jumped after Russia additional reduce provides to Germany and different central European nations via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline.
Russia sought to justify the reduce by saying it was wanted to permit upkeep work on a turbine however the German authorities stated there was no technical motive for it to restrict the availability.
Soaring fuel costs have had a knock-on impression on family vitality payments world wide.
In the UK, the standard annual vitality invoice is forecast to hit £3,582 in October – up from the present determine of £1,971 a 12 months.