Has Uzbekistan achieved its aim to combine schooling and science?

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The interval of speedy globalization that the world continues to expertise requires renewal and a higher type of integration in each area. To obtain these targets, progressive considering and a collective progressive setting are key elements.

When addressing the aforementioned points, with reference to Uzbekistan, the nation’s President Shavkat Mirziyoyev lately famous that “the most important task is to form an innovative way of thinking in the minds of our people. Without innovation, there will be no development and no competition.”

Collective innovation is, in essence, the complete integration of sure social and financial sectors that create situations for unique improvements, most of which stem from long-standing scientific and academic traditions and thru the event of a precept of “knowledge through science”.

The world has proven that integration of progressive data agendas start with an concept that arises from a deep understanding of the issues being confronted, and energetic cooperation by specialised personnel that assist guarantee sturdy social and financial development.

In the case of Uzbekistan, the trail in direction of the complete integration of science and schooling was launched in 2020 when a whole of 162 motion plans have been developed by lots of the nation’s main lecturers from the Academy of Sciences and corresponding members of the Uzbek Agricultural Research and Production Center.

The plans contain the engagement of scientists within the academic course of, in addition to the gradual rejuvenation of science and its widespread dissemination to the general public, which have been and can proceed to be revealed in Uzbekistan’s newspapers and internet portals, in addition to broadcast on its radio and tv stations.

Furthermore, Uzbekistan’s universities have been the wanted autonomy to combine schooling and science into most of the people’s consciousness. The capabilities of state management within the fields of schooling and science shall be drastically decreased yr by yr to create ample alternatives totally free progressive actions. This will assist to guarantee
the additional that the mixing of schooling and science turns into a actuality, whereas on the identical time, overcoming sure current restrictions that proficient younger folks in Uzbekistan expertise.

The principal goal of the initiative is to advertise scientific actions and to strengthen the number of extremely certified people for doctoral packages. By doing so, Uzbekistan’s universities will take a step shut in direction of enhancing new analysis establishments within the nation.

One of crucial parts of the Uzbek authorities’s plans is to ascertain monetary incentives and public advocacy which are geared toward elevating the social standing of scientific and analysis specialists within the nation.

There have already been tangible outcomes from the continued initiatives as a quickly rising variety of younger persons are turning into extra involved in scientific analysis because the awarding of educational levels has elevated 5 occasions over the previous 5 years.

The share of Uzbek youths which are at present collaborating in analysis initiatives at prestigious worldwide universities, or who’re engaged in industrial actions, is rising. These numbers are anticipated to double within the subsequent half-decade. The hope is that after they return to Uzbekistan, their expertise gained overseas will assist jump-start progressive scientific and academic improvement within the nation.

One of the important thing elements within the additional improvement of Uzbekistan’s innovation drive is the rising variety of ladies who’re actively collaborating within the nation’s scientific actions. The present share of Uzbek ladies who’re actively an element in science-based schooling stands at about 40%; 31% for DSs, 36% for PhDs.

Features and Dynamics of Integration

The function of the state over the supervision of universities has been step by step decreased lately. A acutely aware resolution was made, on the political stage, to present universities the authority to independently approve educational levels and educational titles. The course of
is anticipated to be carried out step by step, however throughout the subsequent 10 years, the expectation is that it is going to be doable for Uzbekistan’s academic institutions to extend their analysis and innovation potential, whereas additionally attracting international professors and create the groundwork for additional integration into the worldwide schooling realm.

In 2019, the National University of Uzbekistan for Binary DefenSe was licensed to independently approve candidates for PhD and DS levels. That was adopted up in 2020 when the institutes of Mathematics, Plant Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry and Physics,  Biophysics and Biochemistry, Botanical Research and Mineral Resources, in addition to Uzbekistan National University, Karakalpak State University and the Tashkent University of Information Technologies, got the fitting to certify workers with educational titles. 

The Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan has developed 39 accepted initiatives for the commercialization of analysis outcomes and their introduction into the state economic system. Each belongs to completely different sectors of the economic system and are anticipated to be carried out in collaboration with producers and scientists.

International Recognitions and Practices 

The significance of turning into an academic and progressive participant on the planet by science is important to a younger nation like Uzbekistan. In order to take action, the nation is working in direction of boosting its worldwide profile by encouraging Uzbek scientists to pursue skilled alternatives overseas.

In February 2020, the primary younger Uzbek scientist, Aziza Shanazarova, was employed by Columbia University, one of many US’ most highly-rated institutes of upper schooling. A second younger scientist, Jamshid Jambulov, was admitted to Harvard’s, probably the most prestigious college on the planet, medical college.

Over the previous three years, greater than 3,000 younger Uzbeks have had the chance to pursue their educations at high universities within the US, France, Italy, Spain, Germany, Denmark, Austria, the Czech Republic, and the Baltic international locations of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

Uzbekistan is following the expertise that many developed international locations together with, South Korea, China, Turkey, Indonesia, Israel, and Singapore, efficiently utilized in earlier many years to encourage younger folks to check overseas, return home and use their expertise to push their respective international locations ahead economically. 

New Approaches to Integration

Relations with worldwide organizations comparable to UNESCO, the IAEA, MAAN and TWAS have been bolstered within the final a number of yeats. Joint cooperation between analysis establishments of the Academy of Sciences, together with main analysis facilities and foreing organizations, proceed to be enhanced. South Korean and Turkish corporations have already signed memorandums of cooperation and funding agreements price $236.6 million.

Bilateral relations between the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan and worldwide analysis facilities have been strengthened over the past decade. An Uzbek-Chinese middle for the manufacturing of prescribed drugs has already been opened, and joint Uzbek-Chinese analysis laboratories have been established at quite a lot of institutes.

New startup ecosystems

A variety of startup platforms have been established in Uzbekistan within the final a number of years, together with the Tech Central Asia Tashkent Startup Project Competition. This is being carried out in partnership with the Turkish Council for Scientific and Technological Research and the Embassy of the United States. Startup initiatives are additionally underway in partnership with the Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the United Nations Development Program.

Links with worldwide companions, an element that’s paramount for a startup ecosystem, additionally help authorities initiatives to develop enterprise funds.

An vital space in direction of the complete commercialization of scientific developments in Uzbekistan, and their introduction into manufacturing, consists of:

– the participation of a trio of “scientist-entrepreneur-banks”;

– The launch of a portal “customer-researcher-investor” portal

Dozens of international corporations have gotten extra within the improvement of Uzbekistan’s scientific sector yearly . In explicit, ,emorandums of cooperation with corporations from South Korea, Turkey, Armenia, Israel, Poland, Russia, China and India  – price a complete of $109.5 million in investments – have already been signed.

In 2019, in cooperation with the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, an inaugural for the worldwide robotics competitors was held and attended by 160 international individuals from 24 international locations. The occasion, as might be expeced, helped elevate Uzbekistan’s profile with potential international traders. 

A New Approach 

The Youth Academy and the Fund for Support of Talented Youth, each of that are guided by the Ministry of Innovative Development, have been established to, partially, discovered youth technoparks round Uzbekistan within the hope that younger folks in areas exterior of the capital Tashkent acquire extra curiosity in scientific innovation and technological data.  The anticiaption is that the younger folks of the nation come to know that the mixing of schooling and innovation; science and trade, is a step-by-step course of and its first step is to know precisely the dynamics of an progressive ecosystem, whereas making ready the authorized framework for its creation and its individuals on human sources.

All of those efforts are geared toward constructing new and long-term academic requirements that can in the end have a profound affect o the younger folks and improvement of Uzbekistan. What stays important to this improvement is that the state, in contrast to prior to now, has begun to behave as a normal buyer, moderately than a normal inspector. This is vital and tangible proof {that a} wholesome developmental setting is being carried out within the nation. 

As it stands at the moment, the strategic job for Uzbekistan is to push ahead in a forward-looking method, whereas integrating and merging its schooling, science and industries in a method that ensures future success, all of which is and can play an vital function in attaining the nation’s bold improvement targets.

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