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Hong Kong: 25 years below Chinese rule

Hong Kong marks 25 years because it was returned to Chinese rule on July 1.

Chinese President Xi Jinping is predicted to travel to the territory to mark the event, which comes three years after mass protests calling for democracy that led to the introduction of a sweeping National Security Law that critics say has “decimated” Hong Kong’s freedoms.

Xi will oversee the inauguration of former safety chief John Lee because the territory’s new chief. Lee, who began his profession within the police, has promised “strong governance” and to handle the territory’s housing points, which Beijing has pinpointed as a supply of upset in one of many world’s most unequal cities.

Below are the main occasions which have taken place in Hong Kong for the reason that handover in 1997.

June 30, 1997

Just earlier than midnight on a wet Monday night, Prince Charles, United Kingdom Prime Minister Tony Blair and Hong Kong’s 28th and closing British governor Chris Patten attend a sombre ceremony that brings 156 years of colonial rule to an finish.

Patten and the opposite officers go away the territory on the Royal Yacht Britannia.

July 1, 1997

Shipping tycoon Tung Chee-hwa is sworn in as Hong Kong’s chief govt and the territory’s first post-colonial chief at a specially-built conference centre overlooking the harbour. Veteran civil servant Anson Chan turns into his deputy.

Under the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984, Beijing had promised to respect Hong Kong’s freedoms and “way of life” for not less than 50 years, and the territory was to be ruled below the so-called “one country, two systems” framework.

Chris Patten Receives The Union Jack Flag After Is Was Lowered For The Last Time.
Chris Patten, proper, the 28th and final governor of colonial Hong Kong, receives the Union Jack flag after it was lowered for the final time at Government House – the governor’s official residence – throughout a farewell ceremony in Hong Kong, 30 June 1997 [File: Emmanuel Dunand/ AFP]
Tung Chee-Hwa Takes An Oath Opposite Chinese Prime Minister Li Peng During His Swearing-In Ceremony In 1997.
Tung Chee-hwa, left, raises his hand as he takes an oath reverse Chinese Prime Minister Li Peng throughout his swearing-in ceremony as Hong Kong’s new chief govt on July 1, 1997 [File Yoshikazu Tsuno/ AFP] YOSHIKAZU TSUNO / AFP) (AFP)

July 1998

Hong Kong’s new airport opens on a synthetic island at Chek Lap Kok, changing Kai Tak after greater than 70 years.

Then Chinese President Jiang Zemin declares the power, designed by British architect Norman Foster, formally open.

March 2003

An outbreak of a brand new respiratory illness, SARS, hits Hong Kong onerous.

At least 298 individuals die from the virus.

July 2003

Mass protests erupt in opposition to the federal government’s plan to implement “anti-subversion laws” below Article 23 of the Basic Law, Hong Kong’s mini structure.

Nearly half one million individuals be a part of the protests. The administration is compelled to drop the proposals.

Protesters Call For Political Reforms During A Rally In Hong Kong, July 13, 2003.
Protesters name for political reforms, together with direct elections for the territory’s chief govt, throughout a rally in Hong Kong, July 13, 2003 [File: Kin Cheung/ Reuters]

March 2005

Tung quits, blaming poor well being. He had been criticised by Chinese president Hu Jintao in December 2004.

Former high administration official Donald Tsang takes over in June.

July 2006

Tens of 1000’s of individuals rally for full democracy in Hong Kong.

A Protester Carries An Effigy Of Hong Kong Chief Executive Donald Tsang As Tens Of Thousands Of People Take Part In A Democracy March In Hong Kong
A protester carries an effigy of Hong Kong Chief Executive Donald Tsang as tens of 1000’s of individuals participate in a democracy march in Hong Kong on July 1, 2006 [File: Bobby Yip/ Reuters]

July 2007

Donald Tsang’s administration is sworn in after successful an election and publicizes a plan for full democracy.

December 2007

Beijing says the individuals of Hong Kong shall be allowed to immediately elect their chief in 2017, and their legislators in 2020.

September 2008

Pro-democracy camp wins greater than a 3rd of the seats within the Legislative Council, giving them a veto over laws.


The International Commerce Centre (ICC) in Kowloon turns into Hong Kong’s tallest constructing.

The International Commerce Centre Tower At Night In Hong Kong.
An exterior view of the 484m-high (1,588 ft) International Commerce Centre (ICC) Tower is seen at Hong Kong’s West Kowloon on May 3, 2011 [File: Tyrone Siu/ Reuters]

July 2012

CY Leung turns into Hong Kong’s chief govt.

August 2014

Beijing modifications its earlier promise on elections for the territory’s chief and says solely Beijing-backed candidates can stand.

September 2014

Tens of 1000’s of individuals occupy Hong Kong’s metropolis centre in protests calling for an open nomination of candidates for town’s chief.

Leung declares the Occupy Central protests unlawful.

A Pro-Democracy Protester Holds A Banner With Tents Set Up On The Street Around Him.
A professional-democracy protester holds a banner within the a part of Hong Kong’s monetary central district protesters are occupying on November 1, 2014 [File: Damir Sagol/ Reuters]
Pro-Democracy Protesters Gather At The Occupy Central Protest Site In Hong Kong.
Pro-democracy protesters collect on the Occupy Central protest website within the Admiralty space of Hong Kong, December 10, 2014 [FileL Athit Perawongmetha/ Reuters]

December 2014

Police clear Occupy Central’s predominant camp.

October – December 2015

Five Hong Kong booksellers disappear between October and December, later rising in mainland China the place their “confessions” are broadcast on state tv.

November 2016

The excessive court docket disqualifies pro-independence legislators Sixtus Leung and Yau Wai-Ching from taking their seats within the Legislative Council after they refused to pledge allegiance to China throughout a swearing-in ceremony.

February 2017

Former Chief Executive Donald Tsang is sentenced to 20 months in jail for misconduct in public workplace after he was discovered to have rented a luxurious condo in China from a tycoon whose broadcast licence he additionally permitted.

March 2017

Carrie Lam, born in Hong Kong in 1957 and a lifelong civil servant, turns into the territory’s subsequent chief govt, promising to unite a territory more and more anxious about China’s tightening grip.

February 2019

Lam introduces proposals to permit extradition to mainland China, triggering widespread concern.

Hong Kong’s extradition preparations had been negotiated in 1997 when the United Kingdom returned the territory to China, and Taiwan, Macau and the mainland weren’t included in that settlement.

The Hong Kong Bar Association has mentioned that was a “deliberate decision” given the “fundamentally different criminal justice system operating in the mainland and concerns over the mainland’s track record on the protection of fundamental rights”.

A Protester Wearing A Guy Fawkes Mask Waves A Flag During A Human Rights Day March In Hong Kong, China.
A protester sporting a Guy Fawkes masks waves a flag throughout a Human Rights Day march, organised by the Civil Human Right Front, in Hong Kong, China, December 8, 2019 [File: Danish Siddiqui/ Reuters]

June 4, 2019

Organisers say some 180,000 individuals be a part of the annual Tiananmen Square vigil in Victoria Park, marking 30 years for the reason that crackdown within the Chinese capital.

Police put the turnout at 37,000.

June 9, 2019

Hundreds of 1000’s of individuals march by way of the streets of Hong Kong to indicate their opposition to the extradition invoice. Many see it as an additional erosion of Hong Kong’s autonomy and fear that it’s going to enable the federal government in Beijing to pursue its opponents.

Mainland courts, that are managed by the Communist Party, have a 99 p.c conviction charge.

July 1, 2019

Protesters drive their manner by way of police barricades and storm the Legislative Council constructing, daubing the partitions with graffiti.

A Protester Defaces The Hong Kong Emblem.
A protester defaces the Hong Kong emblem after protesters broke into the federal government headquarters in Hong Kong on July 1, 2019 [Philip Fong/ AFP]

September 2019

Lam lastly publicizes the formal withdrawal of the extradition invoice, which she beforehand mentioned was “dead”.

But after months of unrest and a way that the federal government is ignoring them, the protests evolve right into a broader marketing campaign to incorporate direct elections, an inquiry into police brutality and the discharge of all these detained throughout the protests.

November 2019

Confrontations between police and protesters escalate into fiery violence on the campuses of the Chinese University of Hong Kong and the Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

Police use tear gasoline, rubber-coated bullets and water cannons in opposition to protesters armed with petrol bombs, slingshots and even javelins.

A Policeman In Riot Gear Detains A Protester During Hong Kong Protests.
A policeman in riot gear detains a protester outdoors Hong Kong Polytechnic University as police storm the campus in Hong Kong, China, November 18, 2019. Fiery explosions have been seen as Hong Kong police stormed right into a college held by protesters after an all-night standoff. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)

July 1, 2020

China imposes a National Security Law at 11pm on June 30. The regulation punishes any act Beijing deems as subversion, secession, terrorism and collusion with international forces with life in jail.

December 2020

Media tycoon Jimmy Lai is arrested below the safety regulation after which jailed after a court docket decides to revoke bail that had been granted on stringent circumstances.

March 2021

The National People’s Congress in Beijing approves modifications to Hong Kong elections to make sure solely “patriots” are in a position to run for workplace.

June 2021

The Apple Daily, Lai’s unapologetically pro-democracy tabloid, publicizes it’ll shut after a sequence of police raids on its workplaces concentrating on senior executives and journalists. The writer prints a million copies of the paper’s closing version and Hong Kong individuals queue up early within the morning to purchase it.

A Man Gestures As He Brings A Pallet Filled With The Final Edition Of Apple Daily To A Newsstand.
A person gestures as he brings a pallet full of the ultimate version of Apple Daily, printed by Next Digital, to a newsstand in Hong Kong, China, June 24, 2021 [File: Lam Yik/ Reuters]

July 2021

Former waiter Tong Ying-kit is sentenced to 9 years in jail below the National Security Law after changing into the primary individual to be convicted below the regulation.

Tong was discovered responsible of “terrorism” for driving his bike into three cops, and “secession” for flying the “Liberate Hong Kong, revolution of our times” flag at a rally.

November 2021

The M+ modern artwork museum lastly opens.

Fourteen years within the making, the Herzog and de Meuron-designed constructing is the crown jewel of Hong Kong’s West Kowloon cultural district.

December 2021

The postponed Legislative Council election takes place below the Beijing-crafted “patriots only” rules and turnout falls to its lowest degree for the reason that handover.

Under cowl of darkness, the University of Hong Kong removes the ‘Pillar of Shame’ – a tribute to the victims of the 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown – triggering an outcry from college students, the sculpture’s Danish artist and human rights advocates.

The sculpture had stood in a quad at Hong Kong’s high college since 1997.

February 2022

A wave of Omicron-fuelled coronavirus instances rips by way of an unvaccinated and apparently unprepared Hong Kong.

Hospitals are inundated and aged sufferers are compelled to attend in short-term tents outdoors.

By March, the territory is struggling the world’s highest dying charge.

Patients Lie Beneath Blankets On Hospital Beds Outside A Hong Kong Medical Facility With Some Sitting On Chairs, Blankets Around Their Shoulders.
Hong Kong is reporting the best COVID-19 dying charge on the planet after retaining the virus at bay for a lot of the pandemic [File: Peter Parks/AFP] 

April 2022

Carrie Lam says she won’t stand for a second time period in workplace, citing household causes.

Carrie Lam (Left) And John Lee (Right) Wave Stiffly As They Stand Between Lecterns In Front Of A Bright Blue Wall With The Hong Kong And China Plaques
Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam attends a information convention with Chief Executive-elect John Lee, in Hong Kong, China, May 9, 2022 [Reuters/Tyrone Siu]

Lee steps ahead as the one candidate for chief govt and is confirmed within the submit in May.

He received 1,416 votes from the 1,500-strong Election Committee.


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