Iran’s first president, Abolhassan Banisadr, dies in Paris at 88

Banisadr turned Iran’s first president months after 1979 revolution, however was later impeached and fled the nation.

Tehran, Iran – Abolhassan Banisadr, who turned Iran’s first president following the nation’s 1979 revolution, has died in Paris, the place he lived for many years after fleeing his nation.

An announcement by his web site and experiences by Iranian media on Saturday stated the 88-year-old handed away “after a long battle with illness” within the French capital’s Salpêtrière hospital.

Banisadr was born in 1933 in Hamedan province in western Iran. His father was a famend spiritual chief and a pal of Ruhollah Khomeini, who efficiently led the Islamic revolution in opposition to Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the final shah of Iran.

Banisadr, who accomplished his research in Europe, was a campaigner in opposition to the dynastic rule of the shah. He turned a confidante and shut ally of Khomeini, whom he hosted when the latter was in Paris previous to changing into Iran’s first supreme chief.

First elected president

Months after the revolution, Banisadr turned the primary elected president in Iran’s historical past, garnering a powerful majority of the general public vote to manipulate for 4 years. He was additionally appointed as performing commander-in-chief by the supreme chief.

Banisadr stood out along with his moustache and Western-style fits among the many black robes and turbans favoured by the opposite spiritual leaders of the revolution. But they shared a typical religion in a Shia Islamic state to switch the monarchy.

Banisadr pictured in 2019 in Versailles, near Paris [File: Philippe Wojazer/Reuters]

However, two main occasions past his management severely affected Banisadr’s capacity to cement his place: the takeover of the United States embassy in Tehran and the hostage disaster that ensued, and the invasion of Iran by neighbouring Iraq led by Saddam Hussein with help from international governments to overthrow the nation’s fledgling clerical institution.

Against this chaotic backdrop, Banisadr quickly clashed with factions throughout the institution over a bunch of points, together with cupboard appointments and governance imaginative and prescient.

Fleeing to France

The intensifying strife finally meant his presidency lasted solely slightly over a yr because the newly shaped Islamic parliament impeached him in June 1981 with backing from Khomeini. After living in hiding for a while, he was smuggled in a foreign country in an aeroplane, weeks after his impeachment.

He had shaped an alliance with Masoud Rajavi, the then-leader of the Mojahedin-e-Khalq (MEK), to oppose the institution. They sought refuge in France and based the National Council of Resistance of Iran.

Banisadr quickly fell out with Rajavi, nonetheless, accusing him of espousing ideologies that confirmed tendencies for violence and dictatorship. Moreover, he opposed the truth that the MEK made camp in Iraq with Hussein’s help and mounted an armed assault on Iranian soil, which was finally defeated.

Banisadr spent the subsequent a long time till his demise living in France with police safety. He remained against Iran’s leaders and revealed {a magazine} and quite a few books.


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