An influential committee in Iran’s hard-line parliament submitted a concluded investigation and formal lawsuit to the judiciary demanding former President Hassan Rouhani be placed on trial. The parliamentarians advancing the grievance argued their probe had established Rouhani’s misconduct and failure to honor his presidential duties throughout his two consecutive phrases (2013-2021).
Deputy parliament speaker Abdolreza Mesri, who presided over the Oct. 12 session, declared the lawmakers would respect any choice by the judiciary, “which is an independent entity.” Iran’s judiciary has historically been a conservative entity whose chief is immediately appointed by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. The submit is presently held by hard-line cleric Gholam-Hossein Mohseni Ejei.
Enclosed with the lawmakers’ formal grievance was an on-line petition signed by over half one million “university students, young clerics and people from different walks of life.” The doc urges the “revolutionary parliament” to pursue the matter till a “firm judicial verdict” is issued towards the previous president for “devaluing Iran’s national currency,” “destroying jobs,” and “appointing spies and dual nationals” to delicate positions. Iran’s hard-liners have repeatedly claimed the “enemy’s intelligence services” infiltrated the Rouhani authorities’s negotiating staff, who signed the “humiliating” 2015 nuclear take care of the world powers.
Listing 18 counts, the petition accuses Rouhani of “deception of the public about sanctions removal” in addition to “destroying Iran’s nuclear technology.” It additional ranges “treason” allegations, punishable by the demise penalty beneath Iran’s strict judicial legal guidelines.
The signees have additionally implicated Rouhani within the “deaths of over 200 Iranians” within the November 2019 unrest triggered by gasoline value hikes. According to the petition, the elevated gasoline value was a Rouhani “sedition.” Iran’s supreme chief publicly threw his full weight behind the controversial plan and linked the unrest to “foreign enemies” as forces loyal to him carried out the Islamic Republic’s deadliest crackdown ever on public protests. Rouhani’s function in crushing the unrest has already been highlighted by his predecessor, hard-line Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who insists the average cleric stand trial for “paving the ground for shedding the blood of Iranians.”
Rouhani bid farewell to his submit on Aug. 2, handing it over to Ebrahim Raisi who gained a landslide victory — albeit in a controversial election marked by the bottom turnout seen in Iran’s latest historical past. Ever since, Rouhani has been unusually absent from public view, making his future political profession anybody’s guess.
It was not instantly clear if the parliamentarians’ lawsuit was extra symbolic in nature and the way far the Khamenei-controlled judiciary will go after Rouhani. In post-revolution Iran, no former president has been seen within the dock. Yet beneath Khamenei’s management, and no matter their political leanings, they’ve shared the identical future: Effectively marginalized, they’ve fallen from the supreme chief’s grace one after one other.