Is the US heading to the entrance strains of European defence?


Athens, Greece – In distinction to its ongoing redeployment of forces within the Middle East, the United States seems to be surging to the fore of European defence.

The US-led annual Defender Europe train, which is months lengthy and lasts from February till July, will contain 20,000 US troops – greater than these of all its NATO allies put collectively, and greater than at any time prior to now quarter-century.


“The overarching goal of the event is to demonstrate the ability of the US to lift and shift a division-size force over long distances,” mentioned Tod D Wolters, NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander Europe earlier this month. “The planning in itself is deterrence,” he mentioned.

Defender Europe will contain military, navy and air drive workout routines throughout eight European international locations stretching to the European Union’s jap border with Russia.

Although US officers don’t say it’s designed to counter a Russian risk, the demonstration of US drive functionality comes after years of piecemeal reinforcements of NATO’s jap flank following Russia’s annexation of Crimea in March 2014.

At the 2016 NATO summit in Warsaw, allies agreed to deploy 4 multinational battalions to international locations susceptible to a Russian invasion.

Called the Enhanced Forward Presence, the forces are stationed in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.

Last September, Romania introduced it might spend 2.5 billion euros ($2.7bn) to rebuild the Mihail Kogalniceanu airbase to deal with 8,000 to 10,000 troops, F-16s, refuelling plane and different belongings.

Since the annexation of Crimea, it has operated as a US ahead base, launching air patrols over the Black Sea.

The following month, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo signed an enhanced defence pact with Greece.

One of its provisions is that US forces are to construct a brand new navy and air drive base in Alexandroupoli in northeast Greece, which is able to provide NATO allies Bulgaria and Romania.

That route bypasses the Bosphorus, managed by Turkey, suggesting that the US is in search of various routes.

Greece is the beneficiary of the deteriorating US relationship with Turkey, whose dependability as an ally many US diplomats, congressmen and navy leaders have begun to query.

Not solely do the 2 disagree on utilizing Kurdish militias on the entrance strains of the battle towards the ISIL (ISIS) group in Syria; the US sees the acquisition by Turkey of Russian S-400 floor to air missiles as a breach of alliance.

“Once a dependable democratic ally, Ankara is increasingly a pro-Russian autocracy with ambitions for greater regional influence, and possibly even predominance,” not too long ago wrote former US ambassador to Turkey Eric Edelman and General Charles “Chuck” Wald in a joint article that known as for giving Greece a extra pivotal function in US regional deployments.

We have staging areas a lot nearer [than other EU members] to the Middle East, which is clearly a flashpoint, nevertheless it means [the US] can withdraw belongings from the areas themselves and maintain them on a standby foundation, if and when issues permit,” Efthymios Tsiliopoulos, analyst at, advised Al Jazeera.

“They still need to be in-area, in the region, so they can be easily deployable.”

The US can also be pursuing Russia by power. Greece will import greater than 60 shipments of principally US liquefied pure fuel (LNG) this 12 months. Some of that capability is certain for the Balkans, the place the US hopes to interrupt a standard Russian fuel monopoly.

Greece is the one nation in southeast Europe with an LNG terminal, and two extra are deliberate.

It is now constructing a brand new pipeline to take 5 billion cubic metres of LNG into Bulgaria and past. Croatia will finally be the US’s different most important entry level, with three LNG terminals below development. Another three are being inbuilt Poland, which has flatly refused to take any Russian pipeline fuel.