NUR-SULTAN, Kazakhstan – It has been one yr since Kassym-Jomart Tokayev has been president of Kazakhstan, the biggest republic in Central Asia phrases of territory and the primary by way of financial growth. On June 9 final yr, Tokayev received the pre-term presidential elections, gaining the help of 71 % of the inhabitants of Kazakhstan.
Prior to that, the nation had been headed uninterruptedly for 30 years by Nursultan Nazarbayev, who on the age of 79 introduced his resignation in March final yr and named Tokyaev as his successor, who at the moment, in response to the Constitution, was the “second person” of the state – the Speaker of the Senate.
Despite the truth that he was anticipated to proceed the road of the primary president Nazarbayev, the previous yr confirmed that the second president of Kazakhstan has his personal imaginative and prescient of governing the nation. So, on the official inauguration on June 12, 2019, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev introduced a brand new idea of a “hearing state” that can implement within the nation.
To carry out this activity, a digital President’s receiving workplace was created on the Akorda web site. Tokayev mentioned that Kazakhstan’s authorities haven’t any forbidden subjects, and that constructive criticism of the actions of state officers will all the time discover a receptive ear. Over the previous yr, about 9,000 letters of Kazakh residents had been acquired at this platform. This approach helped to resolve particular issues of residents which had been beforehand hindered, in addition to inspired civil servants to be extra accountable in fulfilling their direct obligations.
In order to enhance the dialogue between the federal government and the individuals, Tokayev initiated the creation of the National Council of Public Trust. And on the second assembly in December, he launched a brand new reforms bundle concerning the activation of political processes in Kazakhstan.
In explicit, Tokayev proposed: to cut back the brink for registering events from 40,000 to 20,000 individuals, to construct the establishment of parliamentary opposition, swap to the notification precept of organising peaceable rallies, decriminalize the 130th article of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan on defamation, to introduce a quota within the occasion lists 30% for girls and youth.
All these initiatives proposed by Tokayev had been actively mentioned in society, in addition to in two chambers of the Parliament, and lately all of them had been signed by the top of state.
Commenting on the legislation on holding peaceable rallies, Tokayev emphasised that the doc is according to the constitutional rights of Kazakhstani individuals.
“A few days ago, I signed the law on holding peaceful assemblies (protests, rallies). The main feature is that you do not need permission, you just need to notify. I think that this law will contribute to the further development of socio-political relations in a democratic way,” Tokayev mentioned on the third assembly of the National Council Public Trust, which passed off in late May of this yr.
Such a simplification of the legislation on peaceable rallies is a superb achievement for the Central Asian republic, which step-by-step is transferring in direction of worldwide requirements and the democratisation of Kazakh society.
In addition, within the first yr of his presidency, Tokayev launched variety of different liberal reforms: new anti-monopoly measures had been introduced, small and medium-sized companies had been exempted from taxes. In the social sphere, focused help is being carried out, academics’ salaries, scholarships, and so forth are rising.
A lively thought of how intense was the primary yr for Tokayev may give a pallid statistics. Almost 500 official and protocol occasions had been attended by the top of state since March 2019. Among them are overseas visits and dealing journeys to areas of the nation. During his inner working visits, there have been 26 of them throughout the yr, the top of state actually traveled throughout Kazakhstan, visited all areas and main cities.
Thus, Tokayev instantly flew from the capital to the south of Kazakhstan to fulfill with the residents of town of Arys, when ammunition depots exploded there. He personally supported the victims, and instructed the federal government to rebuild town within the shortest time period and to resume the infrastructure.
The president didn’t disregard the tragic airplane crash near Almaty on the finish of 2019. He instructed to supply monetary help to each households of the victims, to analyze all of the causes and circumstances of the incident, and in addition declared December 28 as a day of nationwide mourning.
Tokayev additionally dealt swiftly with an ethnic battle arose in southern Kazakhstan in February this yr. During his journey to Kordai area, the president met with representatives of the local people, together with the Dungan diaspora (ethnic Chinese professing Islam). He ordered the federal government to supply residents with concrete help in resolving social points and to conduct an goal investigation of the roots of disturbance.
With regard to overseas coverage exercise, greater than 100 conferences and worldwide occasions passed off with the participation of the president, together with 6 visits overseas as a part of bilateral relations. In common, the second president was on enterprise journeys for 58 days: within the areas of Kazakhstan – 30, overseas – 28 days. During the yr, the president signed 67 legal guidelines, gave directions on 527 appeals of residents.