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Modi listening, Xi: Cold War mentality, bloc confrontation have to be deserted

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WITH PRIME Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin listening, Chinese President Xi Jinping on Thursday mentioned the world “must abandon Cold War mentality” and “bloc confrontation” — and “oppose unilateral sanctions and abuse of sanctions”.

Xi’s references to the Cold War and blocs on the annual summit of the five-nation group appeared to focus on NATO and the Quad, of which India is part. And, his point out of sanctions appeared to have been aimed on the US and European curbs concentrating on Russia following the invasion of Ukraine.

Putin additionally raised the problem of sanctions however Modi steered away from any particular references and spoke about “governance of the global economy” within the context of the pandemic.

“Even though the scale of the epidemic has reduced globally…many of its ill effects are still visible in the global economy. We, the BRICS member countries, have had a very similar view of the governance of the global economy. And so our mutual cooperation can make a useful contribution to post-Covid global recovery,” Modi mentioned.

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Later, in a rigorously worded joint assertion, the BRICS leaders mentioned they “support talks between Russia and Ukraine”. They additionally dedicated to “respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity” of all states and “peaceful resolution of differences and disputes between countries through dialogue and consultation”.

Earlier, Xi, who was chairing the summit, mentioned: “We must abandon Cold War mentality and bloc confrontation, and oppose unilateral sanctions and the abuse of sanctions. And it’s important for the world to recognize that forging a community with a shared future, like a big family, is so much better than building exclusive circles.”

The reference to “exclusive circles” can be an oft-used time period by China for groupings just like the Quad.

In his remarks, Putin mentioned BRICS “can find solutions to the crisis situation” within the international financial system due to “ill-conceived and self-interested actions” by some nations which have been “using the financial mechanisms” — a transparent reference to the West’s sanctions.

“I am convinced that…BRICS leadership is relevant in order to design a truly positive, unifying force to form a multipolar system…based on the universal rules of international law and the key principles of the UN Charter,” Putin mentioned.

Modi didn’t reply to or share these issues in his assertion.

While the Prime Minister’s assertion was audible to the home viewers, there was a technical glitch that prevented the BRICS leaders from listening to his remarks. Xi urged Modi to repeat the opening assertion later, in the course of the closing remarks.

Modi mentioned BRICS initiatives, together with institution of a vaccine R&D centre, coordination between Customs departments, institution of shared satellite tv for pc constellation and mutual recognition of Pharma merchandise, have direct advantages for folks.

He mentioned that BRICS youth summits, sports activities, and interplay between civil society organisations and think-tanks, have strengthened people-to-people contact.

Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro and South African President Cyril Ramaphosa additionally attended the digital summit.

In the joint assertion, the leaders mentioned: “We have discussed the situation in Ukraine and recall our national positions as expressed at the appropriate fora, namely the UNSC and UNGA. We support talks between Russia and Ukraine. We have also discussed our concerns over the humanitarian situation in and around Ukraine and expressed our support to efforts of the UN Secretary-General, UN Agencies and ICRC to provide humanitarian assistance….”

The assertion, or declaration, additionally made an necessary level within the context of the warfare in Ukraine in addition to the border stand-off between India and China. “We commit to respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all states, stress our commitment to the peaceful resolution of differences and disputes between countries through dialogue and consultation, and support all efforts conducive to the peaceful settlement of crises,” it mentioned.

On Afghanistan, the leaders emphasised that territory ought to “not to be used to threaten or attack any country or to shelter or train terrorists, or to plan to finance terrorist acts”. They careworn on the necessity for all sides to encourage Afghan authorities to achieve nationwide reconciliation by means of dialogue and set up an inclusive and consultant political construction.

On terrorism, the assertion mentioned: “We are committed to combating terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including the cross-border movement of terrorists, and terrorism financing networks and safe havens. We reiterate that terrorism should not be associated with any religion, nationality, civilisation or ethnic group.”

Modi’s participation on the 14th summit befell after New Delhi opted for a digital summit as an alternative of an in-person occasion in China. The choice was taken in view of the strained bilateral ties over the two-year border stand-off in jap Ladakh.

China is internet hosting the summit in its capability because the chair of BRICS this yr. Beijing had made an outreach to revive bilateral dialogue and set the stage for the BRICS summit in China, with Foreign minister and State Councillor Wang Yi coming to New Delhi in an unannounced go to on March 24.

Beijing had proposed a collection of occasions to kickstart the dialogue, beginning with attainable high-level visits from each side. China’s final and clear goal was to host Modi for the in-person summit. But the move didn’t succeed.

The final BRICS summit to happen in China was in Xiamen in September 2017, which was attended by Modi — this was quickly after the Doklam border standoff was resolved. The final face-to-face assembly between Modi and Xi was in Brazil for the BRICS summit in November 2019.

The BRICS (Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa) brings collectively 5 of the most important creating nations, representing 41 per cent of the worldwide inhabitants, 24 per cent of world GDP and 16 per cent of world commerce.

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