Palestine olive harvest: Campaign begins to assist farmers

Jalud, Occupied West Bank – As olive harvest season units in Palestine, a 10-day marketing campaign to assist and defend farmers has been launched in areas thought of to be at excessive threat of Israeli settler assaults.

Dozens of Palestinian volunteers, younger and outdated, arrived on Wednesday morning to the village of Jalud, on the southern outskirts of Nablus within the occupied West Bank, to assist landowners harvest their olive bushes – as shortly as doable.

Another group of volunteers labored concurrently with landowners within the next-door village of Qaryout.

The marketing campaign, organised by the Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC), will cowl 12 villages, primarily throughout southern Nablus, but in addition within the Ramallah and Bethlehem areas. It will deliver collectively greater than 250 volunteers together with college college students, farming committees, native councils, and residents of the villages.

Muayyad Bsharat, head of advocacy on the UAWC, informed Al Jazeera the principle purpose of the marketing campaign is to “strengthen control over our natural resources, by getting Palestinian farmers to their lands in Area C, and to other areas under threat by the Israeli occupation”.

At least 60 % of the occupied West Bank is assessed as Area C, underneath the direct management of the Israeli occupation military, and the place all Israeli settlements are situated.

“The idea was to launch the campaign in one of the ‘hotspots’ in southern Nablus,” mentioned Bsharat. “The presence of large numbers of people on the land scares the settlers and makes them unable to carry out their attacks. When we bring 50 to 60 volunteers every day, this is a banner that keeps the settlers away.”

Other campaigns have additionally been launched by youth teams and well-liked committees for the season, which extends by November.

“The farmers will feel that they got help particularly in the most sensitive areas, where they have to pick the olives quickly,” mentioned Bsharat.

Muayyad Bsharat says the principle purpose of the marketing campaign is to ‘strengthen control over our natural resources’ [Al Jazeera]

Southern Nablus

Palestinian villages in southern Nablus face probably the most systematic assaults by Israeli settlers throughout the occupied West Bank, together with Qusra, Burin, and ‘Urif. Attacks embody bodily assault and beatings with stones and golf equipment, injury of property together with houses, colleges, and automobiles, and theft and destruction of crops and fields.

In 2020, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) recorded 40 assaults by Israeli settlers on Palestinians throughout olive harvest season, 17 of which had been within the Nablus governorate, adopted by 10 within the Ramallah space.

Jalud and the next-door village of Qaryout are surrounded by three massive settlements and a string of outposts lining the sides of what stays of their lands. The two small villages are topic to frequent assaults by settlers, who typically achieve this with Israeli military safety.

Settlers within the close by outposts of Adei Ad, Esh Kodesh, and Ahiya are among the most violent within the occupied West Bank. In 2019, settlers burned some 1,000 olive bushes in Jalud. Most just lately in May, settlers set fireplace to an olive grove and lower down an electrical energy utility pole serving Jalud, for the third time.

Qassem al-Haj Mohammad, a 52-year-old farmer, owns a number of plots of land in Jalud alongside along with his brothers, which they inherited from their father. The household’s land has been attacked by settlers on a number of events – together with in a single occasion chopping down 40 olive bushes they planted within the 1980s, and in one other occasion burning 150 olive bushes planted by their father within the 1960s.

He informed Al Jazeera that settlers attempt to provoke Palestinians with the purpose of garnering a response, which they will then use as an excuse for the military to stop them from accessing their lands. “They want us to do anything – just so they can take the area.”

Qassem al-Haj Mohammad, 52, works on his land within the village of Jalud, near Nablus within the northern occupied West Bank, on Wednesday [Al Jazeera]

The household’s wrestle extends past settler assaults.

Qassem’s household, like many others, are forbidden from accessing a lot of their land in areas near settlements, besides for 2 to 3 days a 12 months. “They allow us one or two days to plant our crops, and one day to harvest them, for the whole year,” mentioned Qassem.

“We are not allowed to do anything else to maintain the trees, so every year, our yield comes at a loss,” he continued, explaining that one 12 months, he and 5 different landowners collectively misplaced some 40,000 shekels ($12,400).

“Yet, we are forced to go there and work on the days we’re allowed. If we leave it, the army and the settlers will use it as an excuse to seize them,” he continued.

Qassem estimated that Palestinian farmers within the space lose tens of 1000’s of shekels annually due to the Israeli occupation’s restrictions on their land.

‘Always in groups’

In the close by village of Qaryout, Rima Qaryouti and her household spent the day engaged on their olive grove overlooking the massive settlement of Shilo.

She mentioned she and her husband now not deliver their babies alongside out of fear for his or her security, they usually ensure to “always come in groups”.

“They want us to be afraid to come to our lands, they don’t want us to come and harvest our olives. But we always come. We are resilient,” she informed Al Jazeera. “When we come in groups, at least we feel a little safer – that we’re together.”

She mentioned when she and her household arrive on the land, they “always see the settlers come, and they are always protected by the army.”

When the Israelis settlers come, they’re at all times protected by the military, Palestinian farmers say [Al Jazeera]

Bashar Qaryout, a neighborhood activist towards settlements, informed Al Jazeera that settlers have attacked Qaryout at the very least six occasions because the starting of the harvest. “There is not one harvest season that passes without crimes against us, attacks, arson, sometimes they beat people with sticks.”

His household owns some 20 dunams (two hectares) on the close by hill, which he mentioned settlers tried to take over, together with by organising caravans on quite a few events. He mentioned the world’s strategic location between the 2 massive settlements of Shilo and Eli – which Israel seeks to hyperlink collectively – renders it vulnerable to being confiscated.

“We are in a race against time, and in a struggle against settlements,” mentioned Qaryout, explaining a majority of agricultural land belonging to Qaryout and Jalud have been designated as Area C.

Sarah Muscroft, OCHA head of workplace for the occupied Palestinian territories, informed Al Jazeera, “[Palestinians] are uncovered to rising violence by Israeli settlers. Many are unsafe on their solution to faculty, whereas at work and even of their houses. Their groves, particularly olive bushes, are destroyed, decreasing their earnings ranges.

“As the occupying power, Israel must always protect civilians from all forms of violence and consistently hold perpetrators of such violence to account,” she added.

‘We won’t depart’

Back in Jalud, the top of the native council, Abdullah Haj Mohammad, mentioned such safety campaigns are necessary to assist and strengthen the resilience of the Palestinian farmer.

He informed Al Jazeera the additional assist additionally “eases the burden on farmers and lowers the cost of harvesting their olives” due to the excessive worth of hiring a serving to hand.

Qassem, the landowner, pledged to proceed sustaining the land of his that he’s allowed to entry, regardless of the yearly losses and the restrictions he faces.

He mentioned Palestinian farmers “need international intervention” to “put pressure on the [Zionist] entity (Israel)”.

“This is our land and our right, we inherited it from our fathers who inherited from their fathers,” mentioned Qassem.

“We won’t leave our lands for the settlers as long as we breathe.”

Palestinian farmers are forbidden from accessing a lot of their land in areas near settlements, besides for 2 to 3 days a 12 months [Al Jazeera]

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