Rajkiran Rai Interview: ‘Restructuring requests quite low … not much traction in retail, seen some in MSMEs’


Written by George Mathew

Updated: November 23, 2020 6:03:44 am

Rajkiran Rai.Union Bank of India MD and CEO RAJKIRAN RAI says the mortgage restructuring scheme has evoked a really low response and it might entice solely 2-Three per cent, and even decrease, of the mortgage e book. In an interview to GEORGE MATHEW, Rai — additionally the Chairman of Indian Banks’ Association (IBA) — mentioned, “we’re not seeing much stress building up.” Edited excerpts:
What’s the standing of mortgage restructuring plan authorized by the RBI? What has been the response from corporates and retail debtors?
On the company facet, we’re not seeing a lot traction. We had been initially anticipating that 5 to 6 per cent of our e book is more likely to search restructuring. In the final quarter, once we introduced the outcomes, our expectation was round two to a few per cent. It might be decrease additionally. As of now, solely 12 corporates approached us for restructuring for an quantity of roughly Rs 3,600 crore. Our mortgage e book is round Rs 6.5 lakh crore and out of this, giant company e book could also be round Rs three lakh crore. Restructuring requests are fairly low. In retail, we’re not seeing a lot traction however in MSMEs, now we have seen some requests. For a portfolio of Rs 1,30,000 crore, restructuring of Rs 500 crore is already achieved. It’s not a giant quantity, however in MSMEs, there’s some restructuring taking place and our expectation is a most of Rs 5,000 crore.
Are you anticipating a surge in NPAs within the December and March quarters following the withdrawal of moratorium?
It’s a lot completely different than what we anticipated. We anticipated an enormous restructuring and that’s not crystallising. Even the efficiency of the e book is relatively higher. For the September and October assortment, we didn’t see a lot stress build up. This could also be due to the steps that we had taken. The 6-month moratorium has given quite a lot of cushion for retail debtors. They have come again to the compensation mode in a short time. They are usually not moving into restructuring perhaps due to the fear of credit standing. We have first rate collections and there’s some stress in MSMEs. Units could exit of enterprise for numerous causes. I believe the assure scheme, particularly the federal government assure, would have helped. We don’t see any stress in agriculture apart from the conventional stress. On the company facet, besides for 2 or three sectors that are majorly impacted, we see almost near 90 per cent effectivity ranges being reached now. If the courtroom resolution occurs, December NPA numbers may additionally embody September numbers. We have sufficiently factored within the required provision. For September, doable slippages had been Rs 4,200 crore however now we have made sufficient provisions. However, recoveries are taking place and these numbers will get added to the December quantity.
Do you assume the banking sector earnings will likely be hit in fiscal yr 2020-21 because of the Covid associated points?
We are very constructive about the way in which issues are turning round. Looking on the means collections are enhancing and corporates are behaving, we don’t see an issue. It is simply too early to offer a last conclusion on whether or not the Covid impact is over and it may possibly nonetheless play out. Based on obtainable knowledge, we’re pretty assured that issues are getting again to regular. With the form of revenue we had within the half yr, we must always not have a lot affect on the profitability.
There’re complaints that almost all of real MSMEs are usually not benefiting from the recast schemes launched for them. What’s your view?While the MSME sector is a really giant section, a lot of them are usually not within the formal construction. There are points however it’s our endeavour to reach out to everybody. In our MSME e book, we reached out to each MSME buyer who’s eligible. We have ensured that each one eligible prospects are given the reduction below ECLGS and different schemes. That’s why the stress has not crossed the restrict. It got here on the proper level of time to restart their companies. We must do a examine and discover out the precise motive why Covid didn’t affect to the extent that we deliberate earlier.
When do you anticipate a restoration in credit score offtake? Why is deposit progress surging and credit score offtake remaining sluggish?
Normally you have a look at the full excellent credit score within the system and draw this conclusion. Sanctions and excellent don’t correlate. We do quite a lot of funding credit score by the use of bonds. Corporates raised bonds however these had been cheaper they usually paid their mortgage excellent. Further, working capital utilisation of enormous corporates got here down throughout the Covid time. As a outcome, the credit score excellent within the system has come down. But sanctions had been fairly first rate throughout this era throughout the comparable interval of final yr. Some segments like MSMEs and huge corporates are hiring however disbursements will take a while. We anticipate that by March, we’ll see a progress charge near double digits.
Do you anticipate the economic system to get better by that point?
The economic system is selecting up. I believe quite a lot of excessive frequency knowledge that we’re taking a look at signifies that the economic system is again to regular. Whether it’s tax assortment, toll assortment, GST assortment or e-way invoice era, the development reveals that the economic system is selecting up velocity. We are already seeing among the ranking businesses and others giving an upward revision on the GDP and different numbers. I believe all of that signifies that Q3 needs to be a constructive quarter.
Do you assume rates of interest have bottomed out? Savers have been hit exhausting as inflation has remained excessive and deposit charges have fallen.
I received’t say it has bottomed out. It’s near the underside. Depending on how the inflation performs out, there’s some alternative for some charge cuts.
What’s the IBA stand on organising a nasty financial institution? IBA had submitted a blueprint on the creation of a nasty financial institution to the federal government.
Somehow we didn’t get a lot traction on this suggestion. This is a crucial idea which might be carried out and it’ll assist in huge resolutions as a result of these are giant NPAs. We can develop a specialised company which might have a look at resolutions and NPAs. That cleans my e book additionally. This is a good suggestion and hopefully, we wish to take it up once more and see that there’s a consensus to push this concept. On the unhealthy financial institution idea, someway individuals have that feeling that banks will park all their unhealthy property and nothing will occur there. We must persuade all of the stakeholders in regards to the objective behind it and the motion plan and the technique behind the ARC. Once we’re in a position to persuade them, hopefully we hope to realize traction.
Bank frauds have elevated of late, in keeping with the RBI Annual Report. Do you assume banks are lax of their threat and system administration?
The frauds reported this yr are previous ones. While these frauds occurred 5 – 6 years again, they had been reported solely lately. During the final two years, we had gone for forensic audit and investigation into these accounts. We discovered fund diversions and different points. You must differentiate between when the fraud occurred and when it was recognised. In the final 4 or 5 years, the governance and system constructions have advanced. We have achieved a root trigger evaluation and constructed techniques in order that lapses won’t recur. We have taken all of the precautions.
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