Four high-ranking members of Egypt’s safety forces will go on trial in Rome on Thursday, after a years-long investigation into the homicide of Giulio Regeni.
The 28-year-old postgraduate pupil disappeared in Cairo on January 25, 2016. Nine days later, his physique was discovered on the aspect of a freeway within the Egyptian capital bearing in depth indicators of torture.
Italian prosecutors will current their case within the bunker room of the Rebibbia jail in opposition to three members of Egypt’s National Security Agency (NSA), and one officer of Cairo’s investigative police power.
General Tariq Sabir, Colonel Usham Helmi and Colonel Athar Kamel Mohamed Ibrahim face kidnapping costs, whereas Major Magdi Ibrahim Abdelal Sharif can be accused of inflicting “grievous body harm” and “aggravated murder”.
None is anticipated to attend the trial.
Why are the suspects absent?
The excessive court docket’s choice on whether or not their absence is taken into account voluntarily will probably be central to the listening to.
A trial can proceed and not using a suspect’s presence if sufficient proof exhibits Italian authorities did the whole lot attainable to inform them of the costs.
Italian prosecutors have repeatedly requested the authorized residence of the 4, however Egyptian authorities haven’t heeded the decision.
“This phase is critical as it will show if Egypt has been successful in preventing the trial from taking place by failing to collaborate,” a supply near the case informed Al Jazeera.
Meanwhile, Italian media reported on Wednesday that the prime minister’s workplace goes to change into civil get together to the trial and that the 4 prime ministers in energy since Regeni’s demise will probably be known as to testify.
The Regeni household’s lawyer, Alessandra Ballerini, reportedly introduced her intention to request the testimony of Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.
The ‘unequivocal’ proofs
Regeni was a PhD pupil with the University of Cambridge researching impartial commerce unions, who have been among the many key gamers behind the 2011 revolution that eliminated President Hosni Mubarak.
Italian prosecutors, who say Regeni was adopted for 40 days earlier than his disappearance, imagine that the scholar got here underneath the NSA’s highlight as he provided Mohammed Abdullah, chief of the road distributors’ union, assist to use for a 10,000-pound ($13,000) grant from a British non-governmental organisation.
These findings got here to gentle final December when Italian prosecutors, Michele Prestipino and Sergio Coloaiocco, introduced “unequivocal” proof in essentially the most detailed report but of what occurred earlier than and after Regeni disappeared.
An NSA worker of 15 years, who was amongst 5 key witnesses the prosecutors referred to, described seeing the Italian pupil inside room quantity 13 of the company’s Lazougly workplace. The previous villa was the positioning foreigners suspected of plotting in opposition to the nation’s nationwide safety have been normally dropped at.
“When I entered [room 13,] I noticed iron chains used to tie people, he was half naked, the superior part of his body had signed of torture … he was delirious,” the officer informed Italian prosecutors.
After the 4 brokers have been named and accused, about 10 extra individuals approached Italian prosecutors. Of these, three testimonies have been deemed dependable and have been formally added to the case.
‘They are not immune’
Activists mentioned the case marks the primary time that NSA members are being held accountable, with impunity widespread in Egypt.
Security forces “feel they are invincible, that they can’t be touched,” Hussein Baoumi, a researcher specializing in Egypt for Amnesty International, informed Al Jazeera. “The trial sends an important message that they don’t seem to be immune, that they are going to be held accountable.
“But the trial also says that other venues for justice do exist, especially when those within Egypt are not functioning.”
Rights teams have lengthy accused the el-Sisi’s authorities of finishing up a broad crackdown on dissent, alleging the torture of political prisoners. Cairo has denied such accusations.
In a report revealed in 2020, the Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms documented 2,723 circumstances of “enforced disappearance” since 2013.
Italian prosecutors have repeatedly complained about their Egyptian counterparts, who they accuse of failing to collaborate and deception.
No one has been charged in Egypt, and authorized consultants have mentioned it’s unlikely the culprits will ever find yourself behind bars as Cairo and Rome don’t share an extradition treaty.
In March 2016, Egyptian authorities mentioned safety forces killed 5 members of a legal gang in a shoot-out – claiming they have been in possession of a number of the researcher’s belongings. But Italian officers dismissed the move as a cover-up.
Two years later, Egypt stopped collaborating after it was notified that 5 members of the Egyptian safety equipment have been being positioned underneath investigation, in accordance with the Italian prosecutors. Italy in the end charged 4 brokers.
In December, Egyptian prosecutor Hamada al-Sawi introduced the non permanent closure of their investigation, saying Cairo wouldn’t pursue a legal case “because the perpetrator is unknown”.