Russians hate Gorbachev much more than Stalin, ballot reveals

A model new ballot targeted on the 30th anniversary of the autumn of the united states has revealed that Russian individuals see former President Mikhail Gorbachev as essentially the most hated determine from the Soviet period, forward of chief Joseph Stalin.

The research, carried out by the state-owned Russian Public Opinion Research Center (WCIOM), additionally found that cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the primary man in house, is essentially the most beloved man of the Soviet period for contemporary Russian residents.

Of the 1,600 individuals surveyed, 20% named Gorbachev as essentially the most hated particular person of the Soviet period, far forward of anybody else.

Gorbachev led the united states from 1985 till its collapse in 1991 and is seen as one of the vital figures of 20th century historical past. However, whereas he enjoys a optimistic status exterior of the nation, he’s considered otherwise inside Russia. Many individuals blame him for the post-Soviet financial disaster that led to a dramatic decline in living requirements, in addition to a diminution of Moscow’s standing on the world stage.

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Behind Gorbachev on the “most hated” rankings, with 11%, got here three Soviet heavyweights who tied for second place: Stalin, his brutal and murderous secret police chief Lavrentiy Beria, and Stalin’s successor Nikita Khrushchev.

Stalin, who ran the nation from 1924 till his loss of life in 1953, was discovered to be significantly unpopular with individuals below 25 (19%).

The former Generalissimo, who led the Soviet Union to victory in World War II, splits opinion inside fashionable Russia. For some, he’s a hero for his wartime management. For one other section of society, he was a tyrant who led a repressive and murderous regime. For others, he’s a mix of the 2. This break up is seen starkly within the WCIOM ballot, the place he additionally got here in third place within the survey for essentially the most beloved Soviet figures.

Other than Stalin (20%), the most well-liked individuals had been named as Gagarin (41%), World War II General Georgy Zhukov (22%), and former chief Leonid Brezhnev (9%).

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