SC advises courts to not dislodge college choices


The Supreme Court held on Friday that the courts should intervene sparingly within the inner affairs of the tutorial establishments and go away the disciplinary, administrative and coverage issues of the colleges or academic establishments to the skilled experience of the folks working them.

In its verdict on a petition filed by the Khyber Medical University towards a choice of the Peshawar High Court (PHC), the courtroom stated self-restraint by the courts in matter of academic establishments was based mostly on the knowledge that institutional autonomy of the colleges should be protected.

“It has been time and again held by this Court that courts must sparingly interfere in the internal governance and affairs of educational institutions,” stated the 5 pages judgment authored by Justice Syed Mansoor Ali Shah.

“It is simply prudent that the courts keep their hands off educational matters and avoid dislodging decisions of the university authorities, who possess technical expertise and experience of actual day to day workings of the educational institutions”, the judgment added.

A 3-judge bench of the apex courtroom, led by Justice Sardar Tariq Masood, heard the enchantment towards the PHC choice during which a medical pupil of 4th semester, BS-Paramedics (Dental Technology) on the Ahmed Medical Institute, Peshawar, was the respondent.

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The respondent pupil had been apprehended whereas impersonating as a feminine pupil and showing on her behalf within the examination paper of Human Physiology (2nd Semester) of the Khyber Medical University.

Proceedings have been initiated below Regulation 32 (C) of the Khyber Medical University Examination Regulations, 2017 and he was disqualified for 3 years. The respondent appealed within the PHC whereby the courtroom diminished the penalty from three years to at least one 12 months.

The ruling stated that each college had the correct to set out its disciplinary and different insurance policies in accordance with regulation, and until any such coverage offended the basic rights of the scholars or violated regulation, interference by the courts ends in disrupting the sleek functioning of the college.

“It is, therefore, best to leave the disciplinary, administrative and policy matters of the universities or educational institutions to the professional expertise of the people running them, unless of course there is a violation of any of the fundamental rights or any law,” the apex courtroom order stated.

The courtroom additionally stated that that self-restraint by the courts in matter of academic establishments was based mostly on the knowledge that tutorial freedom and institutional autonomy of the colleges should be protected and safeguarded.

It additionally stated that it’s not the constitutional mandate of the courts to run and handle public or non-public establishments or to mirco-manage them or to intervene of their coverage and administrative inner issues. “Courts neither enjoy such jurisdiction nor possess the requisite technical expertise in this regard.”

“Our constitutional democracy is run by laws and not by men. Judges are to decide disputes before them in accordance with the Constitution and the law, not on the basis of their whims, likes and dislikes or personal feelings.”

The ruling additionally stated that compassion and hardship may be thought of by courts for offering reduction to an aggrieved particular person, however solely when there was scope within the related regulation to take action, and never in breach of the regulation.

“The reduction of the disqualification period by the High Court, in contravention of the relevant law, is an example of judicial overreach or judicial overstepping, where law is ignored or modified by the court to give way to personal emotions and sense of compassion,” it stated.

“Such exercise of judicial power is not permissible,” the courtroom stated, because it put aside the PHC judgment and restored three years disqualification on the scholar. 

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