July 6, 2020 marks the 80th birthday of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev. The rise of my nation from only a chunk of the Soviet Union to a trusted accomplice in worldwide relations – together with the EU and Belgium – is a narrative of management, the success for which must be granted to the primary president. He needed to construct a rustic, to ascertain a military, our personal police, our inside life, every thing from roads to the structure. Elbasy needed to change the minds of the Kazakh folks by 180 levels, from a totalitarian regime to democracy, from state to non-public property.
Kazakhstan in worldwide relations
First President Nazarbayev made a historic resolution in 1991 to resign the World’s fourth-largest nuclear arsenal, which enabled Kazakhstan, and your complete Central Asian area, to change into freed from nuclear weapons. Due to his robust need to make the world a peaceable place for all, he’s recognised as an impressive statesman inside Kazakhstan and all around the world.
Proactive diplomacy grew to become one of many key instruments to make sure the sovereignty and safety of Kazakhstan and the constant promotion of the nation’s nationwide pursuits. Based on the rules of multi-vector cooperation and pragmatism, Nazarbayev established constructive relationships with our closest neighbours – China, Russia, the Central Asian nations, and the remainder of the world.
From a European and worldwide perspective, the heritage of the First President is equally spectacular: he has dedicated his life to contribute to regional and worldwide peace, stability, and dialogue. With his European counterparts, he has established the foundations for the landmark EU-Kazakhstan Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (EPCA). He initiated quite a few worldwide integration and dialogue processes, together with the Astana Peace Talks on Syria, the UN General Assembly decision calling for an International Day Against Nuclear Tests, the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA), the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), and Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States (Turkic Council).
The chairmanship of Kazakhstan within the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in 2010 and the UN Security Council in January 2018 (which kind the agenda for safety points for the entire world) has proven the success and viability of the trail chosen by President Nazarbayev within the worldwide area.
Kazakhstan is a crucial and trusted accomplice for the European Union. With his European counterparts, the First President has laid the foundations for the landmark EU-Kazakhstan Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement which entered into drive on March 1. The Agreement marks the start of a model new stage of Kazakh-European relations and offers extensive alternatives for build up full-scale cooperation in the long run. I’m assured that the efficient implementation of the Agreement will permit us to diversify commerce, develop financial ties, entice investments, and new applied sciences. The significance of the cooperation can be mirrored within the commerce and funding relationship. The EU is Kazakhstan’s principal buying and selling accomplice, representing 40% of exterior commerce. It can be the principle international investor in my nation, accounting for 48% of the whole (gross) international direct funding.
Bilateral relations between Belgium and Kazakhstan
Being accredited as an Ambassador to the Kingdom of Belgium, I’m happy that the connection between Kazakhstan and Belgium has been constantly strengthened since my nation’s independence. On December 31, 1991, the Kingdom of Belgium formally recognised the state sovereignty of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The basis of bilateral relations began with an official go to of President Nazarbayev to Belgium in 1993, the place he met with King Boudewijn I and then-Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene.
First President Nazarbayev visited Brussels eight instances, most just lately in 2018. Cultural exchanges have taken place between Belgium and Kazakhstan past high-level visits. In 2017, our nations celebrated the 25th anniversary of their bilateral relationship. There have additionally been a number of high-level visits from the Belgian aspect to Kazakhstan, first in 1998 by former Prime Minister Dehaene, in addition to two visits by King Philippe of Belgium in 2002, 2009, and 2010. Inter-parliamentary relations are creating positively as an efficient instrument for strengthening political dialogue.
A robust diplomatic relationship has constantly developed by supporting a mutually helpful commerce relationship. The financial exchanges between Belgium and Kazakhstan have additionally had a considerable enhance since 1992 with precedence areas of cooperation in vitality, healthcare, agricultural sectors, between seaports and in new applied sciences. In 2019, the variety of business exchanges elevated to greater than 636 million euros. As of May 1, 75 enterprises with Belgian belongings had been registered in Kazakhstan. The quantity of Belgian investments into the Kazakh economic system has reached 7,2 billion euros throughout the interval of 2005 to 2019.
The legacy of the First President
First President Nazarbayev led my nation from 1990 to 2019. In the early 1990s, Elbasy guided the nation throughout the monetary disaster that affected the entire post-Soviet house. Further challenges had been ready forward when the First President needed to take care of the 1997 East Asian disaster and the 1998 Russian monetary disaster, which affected the event of our nation. In response, Elbasy carried out a sequence of financial reforms to make sure the mandatory progress of the economic system. During this time, First President Nazarbayev oversaw the privatisation of the oil business and introduced needed funding from Europe, the United States, China, and different nations.
Because of historic circumstances, Kazakhstan has change into an ethnically various nation. The First President ensured the equal rights of all folks in Kazakhstan, no matter their ethnic and spiritual affiliation, as a tenet of state coverage. This has been one of many main reforms which have led to continued political stability and peace within the nation’s home coverage. Throughout additional financial reforms and modernisation, social welfare within the nation has elevated and a rising center class has emerged. More importantly, shifting the capital from Almaty to Nur-Sultan as the brand new administrative and political centre of Kazakhstan has led to the additional financial improvement of the entire nation.
One of crucial challenges that First President Nazarbayev outlined for the nation was Kazakhstan’s 2050 technique. The purpose of this programme is to advertise Kazakhstan as one of many 30 most developed nations on the planet. The programme has launched the subsequent section of modernisation of Kazakhstan’s economic system and civil society. It has led to the implementation of 5 institutional reforms in addition to the Nation’s 100 Concrete Steps Plan to modernise the economic system and state establishments. The First President’s potential to develop constructive worldwide and diplomatic relations has been a number one issue within the nation’s improvement and has led to an inflow of billions of euros of funding into Kazakhstan. Meanwhile, my nation has joined the highest 50 aggressive economies of the world.
A spotlight of the First President’s legacy was his resolution to not pursue a nuclear state. This promise was backed up by closing the world’s largest nuclear testing web site in Semipalatinsk, in addition to the whole abandonment of Kazakhstan’s nuclear weapons programme. Elbasy was additionally one of many leaders who promoted integration processes in Eurasia. This integration led to the Eurasian Economic Union, which has grown into a big association of member nations that guarantee the free movement of products, providers, labour and capital, and has benefited Kazakhstan and its neighbours.
In 2015, First President Nazarbayev introduced that the election can be his final and that “once institutional reforms and economic diversification are achieved; the country should undergo a constitutional reform that entails the transfer of power from the president to the parliament and the government.”
Stepping down from his place in 2019, promptly changed by Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, the brand new management continued to function within the First President’s spirit of financial improvement and constructive worldwide cooperation. As President Tokayev talked about in his current article: “Undoubtedly, solely an actual politician, sensible and forward-looking, can select his personal path, being between two components of the World – Europe and Asia, two civilisations – Western and Eastern, two methods – totalitarian and democratic. With all these parts, Elbasy was capable of kind a brand new sort of state combining Asian traditions and Western improvements. Today entire World is aware of our nation as a peace-loving clear state, which actively participates within the integration processes.“