TUNIS — During the Oct. three protests in assist of Tunisian President Kais Saied within the coastal Monastir province in northeastern Tunisia, a bunch of individuals threw into the ocean a coffin they stated contained the physique of the Islamic Ennahda motion in a symbolic move expressing the demise of the motion and its political demise.
Thousands of Tunisians took to the streets in varied provinces of the nation within the first days of October to assist Saied’s latest measures, together with sacking the federal government and suspending parliament.
Among many calls for, protesters referred to as for the dissolution of the parliament managed by Ennahda and to carry accountable the motion that has been collaborating within the rule for the previous 10 years and has failed in any respect ranges.
In addition to the rising widespread discontent, Ennahda has additionally been dealt a heavy blow amid unprecedented divisions just lately. On Sept. 25, 113 leaders and distinguished members of the motion introduced in an announcement their resignation in protest towards the management’s efficiency (in reference to Rachid Ghannouchi, head of the motion since its official institution in 1981, earlier than it was acknowledged by the authorities after the 2011 revolution).
Those who resigned from the motion stated their choice got here in response to the “wrong political choices of Ennahda’s leadership.”
The officers added of their assertion that these selections have “isolated it (the movement) and prevented it from actively engaging in any common front to resist the imminent tyrannical danger represented by the Sept. 22 decisions,” in reference to Saied’s announcement that he’ll rule by decree for 2 months, ignoring components of the Tunisian Constitution.
Those who resigned included first-class Ennahda leaders resembling Abdel Latif al-Makki, Samir Dilo and Muhammad bin Salem, and a variety of parliament members, in addition to members of the National Constituent Assembly (previously the parliament) and a number of other members of the Central Shura Council, the regional shura councils in addition to native places of work.
Ennahda parliament member Salim Basbas informed Al-Monitor the resignations deeply have an effect on the motion since they’re quite a few and weighty and provided that they embody vital leaders. He famous this wave of resignations weakens the motion, which already faces inner divisions.
Basbas stated Ennahda has been dealt a heavy blow from inside because of the resignations and likewise an exterior blow as a consequence of Saied’s choices.
He referred to as on the motion’s management to treatment the explanations for the resignations earlier than the motion slips right into a flip from which it can not recuperate.
Al-Monitor tried to contact among the members who resigned; some didn’t reply to our calls, whereas others refused to make any assertion to the media in mild of the political turmoil within the nation.
Makki, who was a former well being minister, stated in an interview with Mosaique non-public radio on Sept. 26 that the resignations got here after the failure of all inner reform makes an attempt. He stated it’s the responsibility of the chief of the motion — in reference to Ghannouchi — to resign and make room for brand new management to reassure the Tunisian folks.
Meanwhile, Ghannouchi stated in an interview with Al-Jazeera.internet on Sept. 28 that the resignations will have an effect on the motion and its cohesion, including, “Those concerned were quick to announce the resignation, although there was room for dialogue to reach compromises … but to each their own.”
Abid Briki, secretary-general of the Mouvement Tunisie En Avant (“Tunisia Forward”), informed Al-Monitor the resignations mirror the top of political Islam within the Arab world because of the failure of its political selections and its lack of any political or financial program.
Briki stated the Islamic Ennahda motion’s political journey within the nation has ended, particularly after it was accused of being behind the assassinations of secular opposition leaders Chokri Belaid and Mohamed Brahmi in 2013 and of fueling the unprecedented enhance in terrorist assaults throughout its 10-year rule.
Ennahda has confronted a significant disaster since Saied sacked the federal government and suspended parliament on July 25 in response to protests towards the management’s efficiency up to now years.
Bassel Turjuman, a journalist and political analyst, informed Al-Monitor Ennahda misplaced a lot of its legitimacy and a big variety of its widespread base. Its alliance with events accused of corruption instances (such because the Heart of Tunisia celebration) additionally made it lose credibility with its base, who had been satisfied the motion would embody the ethics of Islam with its non secular authority.
On July 31, a bunch of Ennahda youth referred to as on the motion’s present management to bear accountability for the failure to achieve the calls for of the Tunisian folks and to acknowledge the state of stress and anger given the ineffectiveness of the celebration’s political, financial and social selections, and the way in which it managed alliances and political crises.
Political analyst Abdel-Jabbar al-Madouri informed Al-Monitor the interior disputes inside Ennahda and the quite a few resignations stemmed from many causes, together with Ghannouchi’s choice on Aug. 23 to dissolve the manager workplace after which type a brand new workplace following Saied’s energy seize.
The causes, Madouri continued, additionally embody the choice to freeze the membership of one of many motion’s leaders, Imad al-Hamami, and to refer him to the internal System Committee on Sept. 1, to not point out Ghannouchi’s lengthy rule of the motion. This made leaders within the first ranks select to resign as a substitute of clashing with him (Ghannouchi), as he continued his single-handed administration approach, Madouri defined.