ISTANBUL — In one of many last mass trials stemming from the failed 2016 coup in Turkey, an Ankara court docket sentenced 32 former troopers to life in jail Wednesday for making an attempt to oust Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
A complete of 497 defendants, together with former troopers within the presidential guard regiment, stood trial within the Sincan courthouse simply outdoors Ankara. Among these convicted of “violating the constitutional order” have been former army officers who tried to take over the army headquarters in Ankara and the nationwide broadcaster TRT.
The coup try left about 250 individuals lifeless and shook the nation, resulting in an ongoing crackdown on authorities opponents and mass dismissals of public servants suspected of supporting Fethullah Gulen, a US-based cleric Ankara accuses of fomenting the failed putsch. Gulen denies the costs and the United States has but to satisfy a request for his extradition by the Turkish authorities .
High-profile defendants issued life sentences Wednesday included former Lt. Col. Umit Gencer, who led collaborators into the TRT constructing and compelled a tv presenter to learn out a army coup declaration. Former Col. Muhammet Tanju Poshor, who ordered the takeover of TRT, was issued two life sentences, whereas former Maj. Fedakar Akca was sentenced to life for making an attempt to grab the army headquarters.
Former Col. Muhsin Kutsi Baris, who had commanded the presidential guard regiment, was sentenced to 61.5 years and 106 different defendants acquired jail phrases between six and 16 years. Except for fugitive defendants, others on trial have been acquitted or weren’t sentenced to jail.
The convictions conclude a case that started in 2017 and mark the ultimate coup trial to happen within the sports-arena-sized Sincan courthouse, which was specifically constructed to host coup-related hearings.
Nearly 5 years after the failed coup, the occasion has reshaped Turkish politics and deepened polarization within the nation amid ensuing turmoil and democratic backsliding below Erdogan, who’s the principle plaintiff in coup-related trials.
With the institution of an government presidential system in 2018, Erdogan consolidated governing powers affording him extra affect over the nation’s judiciary, elevating issues amongst human rights advocates over Turkish courts’ independence.
“Especially since the coup attempt, the judiciary has been under incredible pressure in Turkey,” Nate Schenkkan, director of analysis technique at Freedom House, informed Al-Monitor. “In case after case, we see evidence of political calculations determining the outcomes of cases.”
Schenkkan highlighted instances wherein defendants gained authorized victories however noticed selections overturned or reversed, equivalent to within the trials of journalist Ahmet Altan, philanthropist Osman Kavala and former co-chair of the Peoples’ Democratic Party Selahattin Demirtas.
“It is impossible to imagine that the coup trials — cases in which President Erdogan himself is a [plaintiff] — will be decided independently based solely on the evidence,” Schenkkan informed Al-Monitor.
The coup trials stay a extremely delicate subject in Turkey, the place hundreds of residents intervened to cease a putsch that noticed fighter jets bomb the nation’s parliament constructing. Yet some households of convicted troopers have spoken out in opposition to what they imagine are disproportionate jail sentences served to a whole lot of low-level army personnel.
Alper Kalin, a 28-year-old air drive pilot in coaching, was sentenced to life in jail in November for being current at Akinci base the night time of the coup. The base served as a headquarters for coup plotters, and in his protection Kalin denied prior information or participation within the violence that happened on July 15, 2016, saying he strictly adopted orders from superiors to stay on the base.
Kalin was charged with membership of a terrorist group and making an attempt to overthrow the constitutional order. His father, retired Sgt. Ali Kalin, mentioned the conviction was unjust and that his son and dozens of different trainees at Akinci base that night time had been unfairly portrayed as lively contributors within the coup try.
“Media coverage of the coup trials focus on the generals and commanders, but they overlook the hundreds of cadets that were given the same sentences,” Kalin informed Al-Monitor.
He added, “Those who had no authority to give orders, no authority to ask questions are given the same sentence as those responsible for organizing the coup.”