UP, Bihar: BJP eyes Extremely Backward Classes, Pasmanda Muslims in new social coalition bid

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Fearing an erosion in its Other Backward Classes (OBCs) votes in politically- essential Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, the BJP has now chalked out a method to construct a brand new help base comprising Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs), Pasmanda (backward) Muslims, and non-Jatav Dalits in these states within the run-up to the 2024 Lok Sabha elections.

With the BJP already making efforts to woo the backward Muslims in UP and Bihar as a way to cobble up the brand new social coalition that would compensate for the potential lack of votes amongst its current base, the social gathering leaders say even profitable 10 per cent votes of the brand new coalition would make it “comfortable” in these essential states within the coming basic election. Party leaders say backward Muslims account for about 70 per cent of the entire Muslim inhabitants in UP.

The BJP has already performed sabhas for Pasmanda Muslims in Rampur, Lucknow and Bareilly in UP. The BJP has deliberate to carry an occasion in Patna on the Constitution Day on November 26 for which contributors from EBCs, Dalits, tribals and Pasmanda Muslims could be roped in to work as a bunch to “demand for their dues”.

In UP, the BJP has entrusted deputy chief minister Brajesh Pathak and minister of state for minority welfare, waqf and haj Danish Azad Ansari with its proposed new social engineering, giving Ansari the duty to reach out to Pasmanda Muslims. Senior BJP chief and member of the Bihar Legislative Council Sanjay Paswan is main the social gathering’s bid in Patna.

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During his stint with the BSP in early 2000s, Pathak gained the expertise of engaged on a social engineering move when Mayawati had tried it to develop her help base past Dalits.

Ahead of the UP Assembly polls early this 12 months, numerous non-Yadav OBCs leaders had switched from the BJP to the Samajwadi Party, which was believed to have dented the saffron social gathering’s OBC base. While making makes an attempt to carry a few of these leaders again into its fold, the BJP hopes a parallel effort to sew up one other social coalition may compensate for a perceived OBC erosion, social gathering sources mentioned.

Along with guaranteeing an electoral edge, the social coalition mission, say UP social gathering leaders, would “help CM Yogi Adityanath to shed his image as a minority-basher”.


Sources mentioned the UP CM’s latest assembly with an Iranian delegation wherein Ansari was additionally current, was additionally a part of this “image makeover.” The nine-member Iranian delegation – which was in India as part of a programme organised by India Foundation and Institute of Political and International Studies, Iran – had an elaborate assembly with Adityanath, who invited Iranians to UP’s world funding meet, slated for February 2023, whereas searching for stronger financial collaboration with Iran.

The BJP’s new social coalition push comes months after Prime Minister Narendra Modi, whereas addressing its nationwide govt conclave in Hyderabad, urged the social gathering to reach out to “the deprived and downtrodden” sections in communities aside from Hindus.

“Under the guidance of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, we have been trying to reach out to every section with our welfare programmes for the poor. As a part of this we are trying to organise those exploited in the Muslim communities – which includes Pasmanda Muslims, bangle sellers, carpet makers, vegetable vendors etc – so that they can avail the benefits of the government schemes like better education, house and drinking water,” Pathak advised The Indian Express.


Pathak mentioned the social gathering will organise sabhas in all UP districts to mobilise marginalised Muslims. “There have been more than 5,000 Pasmanda Muslims present in such meetings,” he mentioned. The social gathering will even organise an occasion to distribute appointment letters on the strains of Rozgar Mela – just for the marginalised Muslims within the state, sources mentioned.

In these conferences, the BJP leaders speak about how the electoral and social area for the minority group has at all times been dominated and the advantages loved by its “top layer” leaving the bigger group marginalised. “We tell them, it’s Modiji’s idea to uplift them and bring them to the mainstream. It is the BJP that is concerned about addressing them while their rich and the elites have so far enjoyed all the benefits meant for the minorities under the previous regimes,” mentioned Satyendra Tripathi, a UP BJP activist.

Paswan mentioned, “Pasmanda Muslims, EBCs and Adivasis are eager to join the BJP bandwagon because Prime Minister Modi has spoken about them.”

Pointing out that the organisation “Kabir ke log” has been attempting to carry all these sections collectively in Bihar, Paswan added: “I as a BJP man want to keep these groups together with the BJP. We have to make inroads into these communities and all these are experiments. A large section of them were supporting Nitish Kumar but they felt cheated when he joined hands with the RJD. Some efforts from the BJP can bring a chunk of them with us.”

BJP sources claimed that with the efforts it has initiated the social gathering can mobilise 40 per cent of those communities in Bihar, which make up greater than 50,000 of the inhabitants in each state Assembly constituency. “Some of them are already with the BJP. If we manage to win 10 per cent more votes from these sections, it can be a game-changer for the BJP in Bihar. It is not impossible with a consistent effort,” mentioned a BJP chief.


With the Nitish Kumar-led JD (U) having walked out of the NDA, the BJP’s greatest fear is its affect on the EBC vote, which Nitish had garnered for the social gathering within the 2019 Lok Sabha elections and the 2020 state Assembly polls. With Nitish becoming a member of fingers with the RJD, their Mahagathbandhan is prone to have dominance over the Muslim-Yadav-Kurmi help base apart from cornering a big chunk of EBC votes in coming polls. In the 2019 basic election, the NDA had gained 39 of the entire 40 seats – together with the JD(U)’s 16 seats, the BJP’s 17 and the LJP’s six.