US and Mexico are placing migrant minors in ‘harm’s manner’: report

A report revealed by Amnesty International discovered that the US and Mexico returned tens of hundreds of migrant kids.

The United States and Mexico have returned tens of hundreds of migrant kids travelling alone again to their nation, denying them entry to asylum and sometimes placing their lives at risk, Amnesty International stated in a report (PDF) revealed on Friday.

According to the report by the UK-based rights organisation, the US has returned nearly all of Mexican unaccompanied minors, whereas Mexico has expelled a lot of the Central American kids who’ve entered its borders – with out successfully assessing the risks they might face.

“What we have found is that both the US and Mexican governments were sending tens of thousands of unaccompanied migrant children back to their countries of origin without adequate screening for the harm that they could face there,” Brian Griffey, Amnesty’s North American regional researcher advised Al Jazeera.

2021 06 10T043505Z 1674074085 RC21XN9SEBWK RTRMADP 3 USA IMMIGRATION MEXICOMigrants from Central America after being rescued by police. According to native media, 140 migrants have been held towards their will inside a home by human smugglers, in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico [Jose Luis Gonzalez/Reuters]

The report: “Pushed into harm’s way: forced returns of unaccompanied children to danger by the USA and Mexico” discovered that the US expelled 10,270 unaccompanied Mexican kids from November 2020 to April 2021. The determine represents 95 % of all arrivals, based on the report.

Meanwhile, Mexican authorities turned away 3,300 Central American migrant kids who arrived by way of their southern borders in 2020, based on the report. In 2019, Mexico returned 12,000 minors.

Amnesty researchers performed interviews with dozens of migrant kids who recounted being compelled into harmful conditions after they have been denied entry to asylum within the US or in Mexico.

The administration of Joe Biden which took workplace in January has continued a coverage put in place by his predecessor Donald Trump to expel nearly all of migrants looking for asylum on the US-Mexico border underneath a well being provision referred to as “Title 42“.

But the Biden administration has exempted kids travelling alone – nearly all of whom are coming from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador – from expulsions, arguing that turning kids away is merciless and will put them at risk.

The US has allowed migrant kids to enter the nation and be joined by relations or sponsors whereas they make their asylum claims. Most say they’re fleeing persistent poverty and widespread gang violence.

But US anti-trafficking laws has exempted Mexican kids from the correct to entry asylum within the US, based on the 50-page report.

2021 06 11T075025Z 2088707302 RC24YN90XW3K RTRMADP 3 USA IMMIGRATIONMigrant household on an inflatable raft after crossing the Rio Grande river into the United States from Mexico in Roma, Texas, US [Go Nakamura/Reuters]

“US border officials conduct a superficial and ineffective screening of unaccompanied Mexican children for risks of harm or being trafficked, and then repatriate the children without ever placing them in immigration proceedings,” the report discovered.

The findings come amid persistent stress on the Biden administration to rein within the variety of migrants coming by way of the southern border of the US.

Vice President Kamala Harris travelled to Guatemala and Mexico earlier this week to satisfy with the 2 nations’ leaders in an effort to coordinate safety and developmental efforts aimed toward decreasing immigration from the area.

2021 06 08T190108Z 600903840 RC2FWN9BOFQL RTRMADP 3 USA IMMIGRATION HARRIS 1Mexico’s President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador and US Vice President Kamala Harris converse after attending the signing ceremony of a Memorandum of Understanding between the 2 nations in Mexico City, Mexico [Carlos Barria/Reuters]

And on Tuesday, Harris oversaw the signing of a memorandum of understanding with Mexico, which included a dedication to strengthen joint cooperation on safety and deal with human smuggling networks.

“What that means in practice – it’s a euphemism for intercepting the same channels which unaccompanied kids are using coming from Central America to the US,” Griffey stated.

“There needs to be political will to allow children to pursue immigration claims in the US,” he stated.

On Wednesday, CBP revealed statistics exhibiting that greater than 180,000 folks had made their strategy to the US-Mexico border through the month of May, a slight improve from the month earlier than.

But the statistics confirmed that the variety of kids travelling alone had dropped throughout May to 10,765, down from 13,940 in April. The numbers, though nonetheless excessive, have been a marked lower from the 18,951 determine in March.

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