What occurred throughout Egypt’s January 25 revolution?


The nation marks 12 years because the begin of demonstrations that led to the downfall of longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak.

The 2011 revolution in Egypt began with marches, demonstrations and civil resistance on January 25.

Protesters from throughout the Arab world’s most populous nation have been impressed by the rebellion in Tunisia, the place demonstrators succeeded in bringing down the federal government.

“Down with corruption, down with autocracy, down with dictators.” These have been the chants by an rising variety of Egyptians demanding the overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak, who had been in energy for 30 years.

According to Amnesty International, greater than 840 folks have been killed throughout the protests, which in the end led to Mubarak stepping down on February 11.

Since then, Egypt skilled its first free and honest presidential election, adopted by a navy coup in 2013, which rolled again lots of the revolution’s positive factors.

But the rebellion stays a cherished reminiscence and a supply of inspiration for a lot of Egyptians.

Here is a chronology of Egypt’s 18-day revolution:

January 25

On a nationwide vacation to commemorate the police drive, 1000’s of Egyptians took to the streets of downtown Cairo, calling it a “day of rage”. Similar protests have been reported in different cities throughout the nation.

After a couple of hours of relative calm, police and demonstrators clashed with police who fired tear gasoline and used water cannon in opposition to demonstrators.

A Crowd Of Demonstrators Walks Through Cairo On January 25, 2011, To Demand The End Of President Hosni Mubarak'S Nearly 30 Years In Power. [Ap]
A crowd of demonstrators walks by way of Cairo on January 25, 2011 to demand the tip of President Mubarak’s nearly 30 years in energy [File: AP Photo]

January 28

Internet and cellular providers have been disrupted throughout the nation earlier than a brand new wave of protests deliberate after Friday prayers.

Thousands of police have been ordered onto the streets of Cairo, Suez and Alexandria to quell anti-government demonstrations. Riots continued all through the evening.

A Protester Looks At A Burned Egyptian Army Armoured Vehicle In Downtown Cairo On January 28. Goran Tomasevic/Reuters
A protester appears at a burned Egyptian military armoured car in downtown Cairo on January 28.[File: Goran Tomasevic/Reuters]

January 31

Protesters continued to defy the military-imposed curfew. About 250,000 folks gathered in Cairo’s Tahrir Square and lots of marched by way of Alexandria.

Mubarak named his new cupboard on state tv.

Arab Spring Egypt 6
Protesters defy the curfew in Tahrir Square on January 31, 2011, in Cairo, Egypt. As Mubarak struggles to regain management after six days of protests, he appointed Omar Suleiman as vice chairman [File: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images]

February 2

Preparations started for an additional day of demonstrations in opposition to Mubarak’s regime. The military was nonetheless deployed with tanks all through totally different positions in and round Tahrir Square in central Cairo.

Up to 1,500 folks have been injured, a few of them severely, and by the day’s finish, a minimum of three deaths have been reported by the Reuters information company, quoting officers.

Pro-democracy protesters mentioned the navy had allowed 1000’s of pro-Mubarak supporters, armed with sticks and knives, to enter the sq..

Supporters Of Embattled Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak Ride Camels And Horses As They Clash With Anti-Mubarak Protesters In Tahrir Square, Cairo, February 2, 2011. Michel Marcipont / Getty Images
Supporters of embattled President Mubarak experience camels and horses as they conflict with protesters in Tahrir Square, February 2, 2011 [File: Michel Marcipont/Getty Images]

February 4

Hundreds of 1000’s of anti-government protesters gathered in Tahrir Square for what they termed the “Day of Departure”.

Chants urging Mubarak to depart reverberated throughout the sq., because the nation entered its 11th day of unrest and mass demonstrations.

A store in Tahrir Square is spray-painted with the phrase Twitter after the federal government shut off web entry on February 4, 2011, in Cairo [File: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images]

February 10

Amid rumours that he could be stepping down that evening, Mubarak gave a televised speech that he mentioned was “from the heart”. He repeated his promise to not run within the subsequent presidential election and to “continue to shoulder” his tasks within the “peaceful transition” that he mentioned would happen in September.

Protesters in Tahrir Square reacted with fury. They waved their sneakers within the air and demanded the military be part of them in revolt.

Cairo, Egypt - February 10: Anti-Government Protesters Raise Their Shoes After A Speech By Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek February 10, 2011 In Cairo, Egypt. President Hosni Mubarak Made A Statement Saying That He Had Given Some Powers To His Vice President But Would Not Resign Or Leave The Country, Leaving A Crowd Of Anti-Government Protesters Disappointed And Furious After Early Reports He Might Step Down. (Photo By Chris Hondros/Getty Images)
Anti-government protesters increase their sneakers after a speech by Mubarak, February 10, 2011, in Cairo [File: Chris Hondros/Getty Images]

February 11

After 18 days of protests, Omar Suleiman, the vice chairman, introduced that Mubarak would resign as president and hand over energy to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

Here are the 30 seconds that noticed the tip of 30 years of Mubarak’s rule over Egypt:

The revolution ushered in an period of uncertainty as an already weary financial system worsened and rights abuses in opposition to public dissent intensified. It caused some change when the nation’s first democratic elections in 2012 noticed the Muslim Brotherhood’s Mohammed Morsi take workplace.

But inside a 12 months, a navy overthrow led by Abdel Fattah el-Sisi deposed Morsi and banned the Muslim Brotherhood from taking part in political actions.