European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen just lately delivered her second State of the Union Address (SOTEU), the EU’s try to repeat a long-establish custom within the United States and the United Kingdom. In her speech, which appears to be like on the achievements of the previous 12 months and presents priorities for the 12 months forward, von der Leyen made the case for brand new EU instruments that can allow the EU to move from a ‘defense ecosystem’ to a ‘defense union’.
“The good news is that over the past years, we have started to develop a European defense ecosystem, but what we need is the European defense union,” von der Leyen mentioned in Strasbourg.
Following the West’s withdrawal from Afghanistan, her proposal comes at a time when Brussels is pushing to create a 5,000-strong “first entry force” by March 2022.
Von der Leyen named three European protection focus areas within the hope that the strikes create a so-called “geopolitical Commission” – the long-time objective of European federalists, whose goal is to distance the EU from the 70-year-old transatlantic alliance.
The present Commission hopes to ascertain a ‘Joint Situational Awareness Center and to boost interoperability between the 27 members of the EU. Brussels additionally desires to ascertain a possible waiver on value-added tax for all army and protection gear that’s manufactured in Europe.
Interestingly, Von der Leyen has claimed that French President Emmanuel Macron, who for a while has been calling for the EU to develop into extra “strategically independent” – a sentiment that harkens again to the interval between 1966-2007, when France totally withdrew from NATO’s Integrated Military Command Structures attributable to its hostility in direction of the sturdy bond between the US and UK, in addition to Paris’ want to forge nearer ties with the Soviet Union and later Vladimir Putin’s Russia.
France will host a European protection summit within the first half of 2022. Along with the continuing Strategic Compass course of and the Conference on the Future of Europe, will probably be one more necessary growth within the framework of the French presidency of the European Council, which is able to coincide with Macron’s bid for re-election subsequent 12 months.
Simultaneously, the success of all of the above-mentioned processes will probably be a litmus check for the Franco-German try and push for additional European integration following the 2 nation’s elections and as Europe slowly pulls itself out of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Germany’s present protection minister, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, mentioned that the “EU needs (to take) a big leap forward on (European) defense,” including that “Germany and France must (take the) lead.”
However, versus Macron, von der Leyen averted utilizing the catchphrase ‘strategic sovereignty’, however she did discuss reducing the EU’s “dependencies of today”. Her assertion doubtless stems from the newest publicity of long-standing cracks inside the European Union over how far Europe ought to, or might, go to defend itself. While some European leaders mission confidence within the EU’s potential to behave autonomously from army and political superpowers just like the US and Britain, others – notably in former Eastern Bloc nations, view these with a excessive diploma of skepticism.
The nations of Eastern Europe, along with the Baltics, share a pro-American concern that investing in European strategic autonomy will weaken the long-standing transatlantic bond and can develop into a synonym for European protectionism, particularly now that the UK is not within the EU. There can be the prevailing (and ever-expanding) mistrust of the EU, notably in the case of France’s eventual intentions. If Eastern Europe continues to be insufficiently consulted on issues of safety sensibilities and pursuits, this would possibly come at a excessive worth that goes far past the nations’ funding in protection.
Von der Leyen’s proposals for extra a non-NATO protection construction has already drawn some criticism from Eastern Europe as they see the redundancy of the mission as nothing greater than an pointless duplication of the North Atlantic Alliance and a misappropriation of manpower and cash. This is precisely why the ex-Warsaw Pact nations are taking a cautious approach in direction of France’s idea of ‘strategic autonomy’.
This doesn’t, nonetheless, imply that the nations of Eastern Europe fully oppose the idea of a European protection construction. These nations are merely cognizant of the truth that Europe stays depending on outdoors powers in methods which are undesirable. But the satan lies within the particulars, and if European strategic autonomy is to materialize, the EU should first make clear the forms of requirements and capabilities it wants and its readiness to make use of them.
Most importantly, Brussels has to grasp that the pursuance of EU strategic autonomy can not, underneath any circumstances, weaken the transatlantic bond with the United States. Any discussions that decision into query the function of NATO and the US within the area make each Eastern European nation apprehensive. Because of this, Von der Leyen was obliged to announce the creation of a brand new EU-NATO Declaration that will probably be offered earlier than the top of the 12 months.
European financial autonomy should not be taken to autocratic extremes. The adoption of a strategic approach might doubtlessly enhance Europe’s financial energy, each by growing new manufacturing and know-how capacities and, extra importantly, improve its function within the globalized financial system by making its funding ties extra predictable and enforceable.
Lastly, any ‘freedom to act’ or ‘decoupling’ initiative ought to keep away from an excessively aggressive approach and eschew the appearance of European isolationism. Strategic autonomy, furthermore, mustn’t develop into synonymous with making use of double requirements inside the frequent market, nor ought to or not it’s used as a software to justify protectionism.
Put merely, strategic autonomy – and European protection – just isn’t unimaginable, even for individuals who weren’t founding members of the bloc. However, earlier than issues get off the bottom, some elementary questions must be answered in order that the indispensable belief and political inside the EU emerges. The upcoming Strategic Compass is a vital step on this course.
This 12 months’s State of the Union made clear that Europe might and ought to be daring in its insurance policies. In the rapid time period, the EU wants to determine what it takes to see ensure that these initiatives come to fruition.