Zika virus, a brand new problem for India’s most populous state


NEW DELHI:

While Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous north-central state, is grappling with numerous dengue fever circumstances, it now faces the extra problem of combating the Zika virus.

The Zika virus spreads by way of the chew of an contaminated mosquito belonging to the Aedes genus. While the an infection shouldn’t be deadly, it could possibly trigger severe neurologic problems, in response to physicians.

Ved Vrat Singh, director basic of medical and well being companies in Uttar Pradesh, advised Anadolu Agency that the scenario is now beneath management and the federal government is doing all the pieces potential to stop additional unfold.

“A total of 143 Zika virus infections have been confirmed, with one or two new instances still being reported, which is a first in Uttar Pradesh state,” he mentioned, including: “We have done extensive testing recently as well, and things are generally under control.”

According to India’s National Vector-Borne Disease Control Programme, the nation noticed a complete of 123,106 dengue circumstances from January to October this yr, with Uttar Pradesh having the very best variety of circumstances at 21,687.

Singh acknowledges that there are extra dengue circumstances this yr, however says that the 2 ailments are being combated on the identical time. “The situation is under control,” he asserted.

India’s western state of Gujarat was the primary to report a Zika outbreak in 2016-17.

Subsequently, circumstances had been additionally confirmed by different states in 2018.

‘Sanitation and hygiene should be improved’

The first Zika case was reported in Kerala in July of this yr. It is unclear the way it acquired to the northern state. “We don’t know how the first victim contracted the virus because there is no travel history in the first case,” Singh defined.

According to public well being specialists, a number of components are accountable for such outbreaks in a populous state like Uttar Pradesh.

Encephalitis outbreaks had been additionally reported in Uttar Pradesh previous to the outbreaks of Zika and dengue fever.

“The reasons are multifactorial. It might be because of delayed or lack of attention towards vector surveillance and control activities as health staff was busy dealing with Covid-19 pandemic,” mentioned PVM Lakshmi, an epidemiology professor on the college of public well being in northern India’s Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research.

“It all depends on how well we can control the vector, which is (orange county) mosquito. It requires the coordinated efforts of the state along with strong community participation. Without these, it will be difficult to control the outbreak anywhere, not just Uttar Pradesh,” she advised Anadolu Agency.

Chandresh Pandya, a neighborhood well being professional related to the Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine, mentioned sanitation and hygiene should be improved so as to forestall ailments.

“Awareness is also important. I think the government should increase awareness among people so they are aware of these diseases. Vector-borne disease programs also need to be strengthened,” he mentioned.

“Periodical surveillance is important to prevent disease like dengue, where mosquito vector is involved,” he commented.

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